The composition of different fat molecules. Monounsaturated fatty acids (olive, sesame, and canola oils) are the healthiest for daily use. Unsaturated fats are typically liquid at room temperature. Saturated fats are solid at room temperature, while unsaturated fats are liquid at room temperature. What Is the Difference Between Saturated and Unsaturated Fats? They differ from saturated fats in that their chemical structure contains one or more double bonds. Saturated fats increase Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL or bad cholesterol) & Very Low Density Lipoproteins (VLDL’s). These fatty acids in the saturated fat molecule have only single bonds. Poly-unsaturated fats have multiple double bonds, are even more “bent”, and have even lower melting points. The term ‘saturated’ is used to indicate that the maximum number of hydrogen atoms are bonded to each carbon atom in a molecule of fat. This is just to introduce you with the topic, now read the definitions with examples of both them separately to understand the difference between saturated and unsaturated fats. Saturated fats Consist of Single bond whereas unsaturated fats consists of at least one Double bond. Choose from 190 different sets of Saturated vs. Unsaturated flashcards on Quizlet. The fats that you eat contain fatty acids. In your diet, the proportion of saturated fats should be as low as possible, while the proportion of unsaturated fats should be higher. Let us explore more in detail about the differences between these two types of fat including their importance, impact on our body and their main sources. Why Do We Call Them Fatty Acids? Saturated fats should not account for more than 10% of your daily caloric intake. The difference between saturated and unsaturated fat lies in the number of double bonds in the fatty acid chain. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In the body, cholesterol is bound to protein as low-density lipoprotein (LDL) which is considered to be the "bad cholesterol," for heart health risks, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL), which is called the "good cholesterol.". Which fats are best for cooking! The difference between saturated fat and unsaturated fat. The human body needs both saturated fats and unsaturated fats to remain healthy. Plant fats due to their high un-saturation, tend to stay liquid at room temperature, hence commonly known as ‘oils’ 4. However, studies suggest that unsaturated fats alone may not be as heart-healthy, and consuming saturated fats may not be as dangerous as once thought.. Where all but one are used, leaving one double bond between carbon atoms, the fat is said to be monounsaturated Saturated fats are recommended not more than 10% of total calories per day and unsaturated fats, not more than 30% of total calories per day. American Heart Association. Difference Between Saturated and Unsaturated Fats Definition. Both contain fatty acid and glycerol Consist of three carbon chains Hydrogen and oxygen bonded to them in chains Both lipids/fat Made of carboxylic acid High energy molecules that organisms use to store energy Fat are insoluble in water Human body needs both saturated and Saturated fatty acids have only single bonds between the carbons, which makes them stable molecules. Although there has been research suggesting that saturated fats are not as bad for heart health as once thought, the current recommendations still remain in place.. They are mono-unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. Dietary fat has a bad reputation, but fat isn’t necessarily a bad thing. Select one: a. These good fats are found in liquid vegetable oils, but not tropical oils. Figure 1: Example of saturated fatty acid – Myristic acid. It can get confusing as to which fats are considered worse for health risks as newer research changes what you may have heard before.