He was of the belief that the success of a leader depends mainly on two factors, viz, Control of the situation and the manager’s set of skills. Read more: How to Demonstrate Leadership Skills at Work. Thanks a lot for sharing this content. Mahatma Gandhi, Subhas Chandra Bose and Jawaharlal Nehru were all great leaders but their personalities had distinctly different characteristics. This theory distinguishes five types of leadership styles. This also suits moderate team members, but unlike the previous style, it is best used with employees who are confident but unwilling to complete tasks. The first is Fiedler’s model. The contingency theory of leadership supposes that a leader’s effectiveness is contingent on whether or not their leadership style suits a particular situation. Frederick Fielder argued in the 1960s that "effective leadership style depended on situational contingencies, such as the nature of the task specifically and how certain or uncertain it was". The basis of this approach is quite simple. Explain the Different Theories of Leadership. This model believes that leaders should first consider the variables that affect their workplace and then decide the best tactic for how to proceed. Contingency theory is a behavioral theory based on their views that there is no “one best way” to lead an organization, organize a cooperation or to make a decision. The Importance of Contingency Theory. Motivation and leadership are just two examples of many independent variables of the contingency theory, while productivity, turnover and absenteeism are some examples of … His personal values, deep beliefs, and convictions shape his behaviour. Contingency Theory of Leadership Contingency Theory of Leadership – Top 5 Theories: Fiedler’s Contingency Model , Path Goal Theory, Situation Leadership Theory and a Few Others. To be productive, leaders must consider these factors. 2. This style best suits low maturity followers who are willing but unable to act independently. This factor relates to whether the tasks your team completes are clear and structured or vague and unstructured. Building and maintaining this relationship directly affects the leader’s success. If Doug accepts the fact that he will need to adapt to his situation instead of trying to force his usual methods, he can still be a highly-productive leader who encourages his team effectively. A leader will be effective only if his/her employees are always ready to follow his directions and commands. Watch lectures, practise questions and take tests on the go. This style is not as extreme as A1. These include: This style is used in situations where the leader tells employees what is expected of them and instructs them on how to perform certain tasks. These include things like the size of the team, the scope of a project and the expected delivery date for a result. After considerable and painstaking research, Fiedler theorised that leadership effectiveness is a matter of match between a leader’s personality and the situation or setting in which he functions. The contingency theory of leadership focuses on how specific situations affect a leader’s effectiveness and how a leader’s ability to adapt can be their most important tool in the workplace. In this article, we define the contingency theory of leadership and examine three specific models for how it can be applied in a work environment. Contingency theorists would say that no matter how successful a leader is, there will always be a particular situation that will challenge them. I got the answers to all my questions after reading your content. The first step is to use a scale called the Preferred Coworker scale. Moreover, in the case of uncertain tasks, passive leadership tends to be more effective. To apply Fiedler’s theory, you have to determine your leadership style and your situation’s favorableness using Fiedler’s model. Low maturity employees are enthusiastic and willing but do not have the skills or experience to complete tasks. With the help of such a theory, the management can decide the best way to lead the organization and make the right decisions. While this theory is widely taught and studied, some believe this model does not allow enough flexibility because it does not believe that leaders are capable of changing their leadership styles. Hence, his success is contingent on his roles. This leader consults with their team members individually to consider everyone’s unique opinions. This style is suitable for work environments that can be stressful or mentally challenging. It considers the nature of the work of the organization and the approach of the workers. To accomplish this, the model identifies four different leadership styles. To lead their team well, managers and supervisors may need to either adapt their leadership style to the current situation or delegate some of their leadership responsibilities to a coworker. The contingency theory definition offers a dynamic approach to leadership. As Lussier and Achua (2011) inform, theories of leadership is an explanation of a specific aspect of the practice of leadership, whereas leadership model involves an example of implementation of the theory in a particular situation. Without motivation, we can not do any work properly. They will gather suggestions but will eventually make a decision themselves. concepts cleared in less than 3 steps. Then the model scores him according to his answers and analyses his attributes. They are skilled in conflict management and take multiple variables into account when making decisions. They might organize a team-wide meeting to discuss a situation at length. Fiedler believed that the “best” style of leadership was the style that best matched the situation. There are dozens of theories that argue which leadership style is best suited for improving team productivity and maintaining employee morale. They will have to find a way to meet each team member’s specific needs to assist them in reaching their daily or weekly goals. This style best suits a team of high maturity employees because it requires team members to be both confident and capable. To do this, you will evaluate three distinct factors: This factor involves the amount of trust and confidence that your team members have in you. Everyone believes that the environment plays an important role in the functioning of the whole organization. Trait Theories: What are the traits that make a great leader? Contingency theories primarily focus on the context of leadership. Answer: The ‘Contingency theory’ does not suggest a leader adapt to a situation, rather the goal should match the leader’s style. Doug finds it much easier to communicate in writing rather than in person, so he usually encourages his team by sending them thoughtful emails at the end of every week. His efforts will be a complete waste if his employees are of different opinions. Explain the functioning or the working of the Contingency Theory given by Fiedler? Q. This is done through the method of ‘Least Preferred Coworker Scale (LPC)’. The environment is subject to change and the manager should keep himself updated with all the changes like political change, social change, economic change, etc. His self-awareness is also very important. The contingency theory suggests that leaders are only effective when they are matched with the right employees and situation. Experts have proposed several theories, including the trait, behavioral, contingency, and full-range models of leadership. In this example, Doug is not a chronically-ineffective leader. To a certain extent contingency leadership theories are an extension of the trait theory, in the sense that human traits are related to the situation in which the leaders exercise their leadership. This style focuses on the satisfaction of employees’ needs and considers their personal preferences. Hiring leaders with a specific leadership style for certain appropriate jobs can only be sustainable if the situation never changed. Fielder’s Theory seems to lack flexibility; he believed that we as leaders are naturally fixed in how we handle situations and that if we want to change how the situation is handled, we have to change the leader (Northouse, 2013). This behavior would be well-received in a workplace where the employees are personally invested in the outcome and results of their work. This puts the theory at odds with more mo… As we established earlier, however, people and situations can change swiftly and often. As interest in the psychology of leadership has increased over the last 100 years, a number of different leadership theories have been introduced to explain exactly how and why certain people become great leaders. Fiedler’s theory proposes that a leader’s effectiveness hinges on how well his or her leadership style matches the current context and task. Three basic factors of this leadership theory include relationships, task structure and positional power. This can be anyone from a former classmate to your current supervisor. Education, career, business, goals are the need of motivation in each case. Easily apply to jobs with an Indeed Resume, Active Listening Skills: Definition and Examples, Understanding the Contingency Theory of Leadership. If you are trusted and well-liked by your entire team, your influence will increase and your workplace will become a more favorable situation. 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