The quicker your team can get to the player with the ball the better your defense will be. O2 sets up on the left wing, v-cuts and gets the pass from O1. Play a more aggressive trapping zone. Make no mistake, a 2-3 zone defense doesn’t allow your team to rest on defense. Everyone must move on the flight of the ballEveryone must move on the flight of the ball and not on the catch. Major weak spots wings and center of floor. Being in stance makes it quicker to react when a pass is made or a potential steal opportunity arises. Players must communicate screens, cutters, bumping, who’s got the player with the basketball, etc. You can get the guard to completely deny the pass back outside and force the corner player to make a decision and be aggressive. The first trap you can use is on the point guard right as they come across the half-court line. Forcing outside shots—it generally holds true that as players get further away from the basket, their chances of scoring decrease. When a player in the zone is shifting, that player should look to fill in gaps of space vacated by other shifting players and also guard offensive players in that space. The two forwards (3 and 4) must immediately. Take away the 3 point shot–pressure shooters, get them off their spots. Whichever guard is closest to the ball handler must call out ‘Ball!’ or ‘Mine!’ to prevent confusion. Ball Pressure – Ball pressure will depend on how aggressive of a zone your team is playing. As a result, 2–3 zones often yield more rebounds for the opposing offense, which can tire out a defense, and/or put them far behind in scoring. 5. Learn how to defend in a 2-3 Zone Defense here. While I don’t recommend using this as your primary defense, the 2-3 zone is a fantastic change-up defense to throw a different look at your opponent and see how they respond to it. BFC Recommendation: Trap the corner every time if you have a team that can. 6. 2-3 Zone. The center (5) must front on the post when the ball is in the corner. The 3-2 zone defense did not provide the rebounding support for the fast break that Cam Henderson was using. I prefer to channel the ball towards the baseline as this makes it harder to pass to the high post and forces the offensive player towards our bigger defenders. 1. Now we’re going to go through where your players should be positioned depending on where the ball is on the floor. This zone defense is critical when trying to protect the paint. 1 - 2 - 2 Zone Major strength outside shooting. It is more important to guard an open player than stay within the normal constraints of the zone. As stated earlier in the article, I don’t recommend you use this as your primary defense, but it’s a great defense to throw at your opponent and see how they respond to it. In 1938, Marshall University upset Long Island University, to snap their 40-game winning streak. It is referred to as the 2–3 because of its formation on the court, which consists of two players at the front of the defense (closer to half court) and three players behind (closer to the team's basket). The center (5) is behind to half-fronting the post player. This plays focus on creating 2v1 advantages based on the defense's actions. To combat this, we have the closest forward help out by closing out on the wing player to prevent the shot, before getting bumped back down to their normal position when the guard responsible for that area arrives. This can lead to easy put-back shots or the kick outside to open shooters. Decide how often and where you’ll trap. We DO NOT want the ball to go from this position into the high post area. Playing from behind—teams that are losing rarely use the 2–3 zone, because it gives the opposing offense ample time—and space—to repeatedly pass the ball around the perimeter, reducing the amount of time left in the game. Here is another play attacking the 2-3 zone defense. If you’re looking to add this defense to your team’s arsenal, there are three things you must decide on before implementing the 2-3 zone with your team. The weak-side forward (4) must now look after the paint. x3 has to make a decision on who to guard. All that we want to happen from this position is for the point guard to pass it to either of the wing players. These answers to these three questions will decide at which tempo you play the game. Tempo Control – A good zone defense can dictate how fast the game is played. Who’s the shooters? He must be in line with the lowest of the two players to prevent a lob or back-door pass. There are two guards at the high elbows, two players a step off the block and one in the middle. See the diagrams below. See Al Marshall's Aggressive 2-3 Zone Defense and 2-3 Zone Defense. On the other hand, if you have a small and fast team, the most effective way to use a 2-3 zone may be to trap often, force the offense to take quick shots and make rushed decisions, look for steals, and keep the tempo of the game as fast as possible. The weak-side forward (3) should be a few steps up the lane preparing to pick off any skip passes the player with the ball might make. The widespread use of the 2–3 zone is likely due to its somewhat intuitive operation. That’s why we need to keep it out of there! The concept behind the 2-3 traditional zone is to pack the key so that teams settle for lower percentage shots on the perimeter. Jim Boeheim, 76, has been its head coach since 1976, stubbornly – and effectively – using the 2-3 zone defense … Fast Break Opportunities – With both guards always at the top, the positions of a zone put players in great position to fast break many times throughout the game. This makes it much easier to play a 2-3 zone defense. The 2-3 zone defense is by far the most common zone in basketball and is more than likely the specific formation that will come to a coaches mind when they hear the term ‘zone’ relating to basketball. Well I have good news, not many teams are patient. 2 - 3 Zone Major strength along baseline and low post. To effectively operate the 2–3 zone, a defense must move as a whole. If any player doesn’t fulfil their role, other defenders will have to compensate and it will lead to open gaps and usually easy scores for the other team. 3, 5, and 4 crash their respective sides of the hoops while 2 gets a body on the offensive 5 player. Match up with him, no matter where he is. The 3-2 zone defense implements perimeter ball pressure and heavy low post defense to limit scoring opportunities for the offensive team. But it might be something you might want to throw in randomly and catch the other team by surprise! 1. Offensive players closer to the basket take priority. There are no secrets when a team confronts Syracuse. The 3-2 zone defense is a disruptive half-court zone that forces the opposition out of their regular offensive structure and set plays. The Boston Celtics have been an individual-based offense. 4 passes to the open man after reading x3. You can choose for the guard to sag into the lane, allowing the simple pass from the corner to the wing while preventing the pass inside or dribble penetration. Want a faster tempo? There are 6 mains spots on the court the offensive team will have the ball against a 2-3 zone defense: Basic setup when the ball is at the top of the key. This means that as one player moves, he pulls the imaginary string (which is attached to every defensive player) and therefore pulls the entire defense in that same direction. We don’t want to give away what we’re doing or give them an easy pass out of it. Will Limit Fouling – Due to a combination of factors, players simply don’t foul as much while playing in a zone defense. This is a surprise trap and should only be used a couple of times per game. 1. The weak-side guard (1) should be near the closest elbow if there’s no player in the high post, or denying the pass to the player in the post from the high side. The corner trap in a 2-3 zone defense is by far the most effective trap you can use in a 2-3 zone. However, in the 2–3 zone, defensive players do not guard individuals, only areas of the court (zones); so, it is more difficult to quickly and accurately assess where the offensive players are, and which defensive players are supposed to block them out. They are: If you have an experienced team, you could use the second option against certain weak players on the other team and force them to make a decision. The coach just has to make a few tweaks to the defense depending on the personnel you have on your team. So I saved explaining it until we got to the section on traps. 2-3 Rotation on Pass to the Wing. This is a great way to disguise a 2-3 zone or force the ball to a particular player or side of the court. The ball-side guard (1) denies the easy outlet pass to the guard on the perimeter. Protects the Paint – The 2-3 zone is a great defense to keep the ball as far away from the hoop as possible. Moving on the flight of the ball means we’re in defensive position when the offensive player receives the basketball. The image shows the main areas each position is responsible for but keep in mind that they definitely do overlap at times depending on where the ball is on the court. Everyone must have active hands and be in stanceGreat passing is one of the weaknesses of the zone. The offensive player with the ball is forced to make a very long and high pass in order to get the ball to a teammate if the trap is performed correctly. The forward rule is if a man is open in front of you, pick him up. Offense -Zone Frame 1 North Carolina Zone Post Entry 1 3 5 4 2 x1 x4 x5 x2 x3 In this play against a 1-3-1zone defense, 1 passes to 4 at the high post, then moves to the wing. Eastern Michigan Assistant Coach Matt Cline puts on a clinic on how to properly run 2-3 Zone Defense. I’m not going to get into depth on the topic in this article (I’ll save that for a later post), instead, if you want to read further on the subject, read this article from Breakthrough Basketball and make sure to watch the video by Stan Van Gundy. Gaps in the zone—there are a few areas on the court that often cause breakdowns in the 2–3 zone, especially at the high-. 3. The zone defense was used because the gym floor was made of green pine and it was very slippery when wet, when the roof leaked.[1]. Notice 2 is responsible for the high post. His father was the late basketball coach Jeff Capel II, former assistant coach for the Charlotte Bobcats and former head coach at Old Dominion University, and his younger brother Jason played basketball at Duke's biggest rival, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and was the head basketball coach at Appalachian State University. Degree of difficulty—because the 2–3 zone relies so heavily on well-timed teamwork, each individual player must know exactly where to be at all times. The concept, however, remains the same. The 2–3 zone defense is a defensive strategy used in basketball as an alternative to man-to-man defense. Decide how many players will crash the boards. The second guard takes the first pass using bump help from the forwards and then the point guard falls back into their position. He breaks down a detailed description of each player's role in 2-3 while shows the weak links of the defense and teaches how to avoid them. [2], In 1947, Henderson led Marshall to a National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) championship title with his 2–3 zone defense and fast break offense.[3]. 4. The defense begins at the basket and radiates outwards—the idea is to force the offense to take shots from the perimeter and prevent access to the basket and surrounding area. This is a well-designed play to spread the defense and get Henson open in a favorable position in the paint. The weak-side forward is up the lane getting ready to pick off the skip pass. It’s the trade-off this defense makes in order to pack the paint so well. Depending on the amount of traps you use and where they are will play a big factor in the tempo of the game. Notice that when the ball is reversed from one side to the other the 2 guard is stuck having to guard the 1 and 2 at the same time when the pass is made. The defense must keep their hands up and active at all times to discourage passes inside and get deflections. The weak-side guard (2) is now playing the interceptor with the other two players and should back down as far as he needs to in order to see both players. Major weak spots wings and middle. In 1914, Eli Camden "Cam" Henderson's Bristol High School first used a 3–2 zone defense against Clair Bee's team, Grafton YMCA, in West Virginia. Stress to your players that the steal doesn’t often come directly from the trapping players, it comes from the interception by the other defenders. When the ball is at the top is when we see the basic 2-3 zone defense structure. This trap also occurs on all baseline drives to the ring. Great Outside Shooting – The biggest disadvantage of a 2-3 zone defense is that it can struggle against great outside shooting teams. The first and most common zone defense is a 2-3 zone. Do not allow layups against your zone. It’s not a lazy defense if played correctly and will definitely challenge your players mentally and physically, but the benefits can be enormous. When this happens the other guard is now in charge of denying the high post while the on-ball defender puts pressure on the point guard. In the video and diagrams below, you are given multiple ways to beat a 2-3 zone defense with a side ball screen. As soon as the ball-handler crosses half court everyone must act at exactly the same time. When the ball gets into the short corner or the post it must be immediately doubled by the center (5) and the closest ball-side forward (3). Henderson developed this style of basketball successfully at Davis & Elkins College, before moving on to coach at Marshall University. As for the low players, notice that the forwards are a little higher than usual. Most likely one in the high post and one in the short corner or the corner. In a 2-3 zone defense, we always want to keep the ball as far away from the basket as possible. Slowing the game (Gibson)—Because the 2–3 often guards the interior of the court well, offenses generally pass the ball around the perimeter frequently before attempting to penetrate the defense or initiate an offense. The center has the toughest job and must try and predict where the pass will be made and play the ball accordingly. The same rules apply on the wings, on any pass to the wing player the forward must help out and then be bumped back by the guard. In the same way, a team's forwards guard the sides of the zone and its center guards the lane and center of the defense. Because a zone defense is more complex than simply following one player always following his counterpart around the court, there is a higher probability that at least one defensive player will forget which opposing player he/she was assigned to guard. The ball-side guard is sagging into the lane to prevent a pass inside and to discourage the drive. Similarly, if that player moved to the right corner, the 4 player would move to guard him and the rest of the defense would shift towards that direction. Yes, you’ll win more games in youth basketball. The 2–1–2 concept is used when the other team runs cutters to break down the zone. 3. Designate who to stop and all 5 guys are responsible for stopping him. Run Shooters off the 3-point Line – As we’re stuck closing out often in a 2-3 zone, if you line up against a great 3-point shooting team, run the shooters off the three-point line and make them put the ball on the floor. This is accomplished by the center basically never leaving the paint and always having help very close. … The zone presented here is a match up 2-3 zone and it is suitable in breaking opponent's rhytm. If teams are able to effectively make passes inside the zone the whole floor opens up for the offensive team. If it works, keep using it. You have to decide on your own philosophy regarding rebounding depending on the personnel of your team. Any team can use the 2-3 zone defense, you just have to adjust how you run the zone to best suit your personnel which we’ll talk about later on in the article. The main reason for this is that the 3-2 zone hard denies the wings from the top of the key and forces the opposition to initiate offense with a skip pass to the corner or to play through the mid-range. The best way to defend it is to not let it get there in the first place! This is to make the close out to the wing player quicker because it’s a shorter distance. That can happen by the point guard attacking through the middle of the guards or passing to a player in the high post. 1 - 3 - 1 Zone Major strength across free throw line and down middle. Jim Boeheim at Syracuse has won nearly 1,000 games and made a career primarily out of teaching and running the 2-3 zone defense. Structure when the ball is in the high post. The two players on the top of the zone are usually a team's guards, and they guard the zones closest to them on the perimeter and three-point arc. 2. This is crucial to running this trap effectively. The weak-side guard (1) denies the closest pass to the wing player, usually the point guard. It’s the same situation if there is a skip pass from wing to wing. Similarly, using a 2–3 more evenly distributes fouls throughout the players on defense, meaning foul-prone players are less likely to accumulate many fouls or foul out. The center (5) immediately sprints up to play the ball. Barely ever. As a result, it takes longer for an offense to take a shot, and therefore slows the tempo of the game. 2. I’m not a big fan of trapping on the wing as I find the offensive player usually has enough options to make an easy pass out of it and then you’ll find your team in bad positions. The 2-3 zone defense, common in basketball, makes it very difficult for an offense to enter the paint, score a layup or get a rebound. As the ball moves throughout the court, every player should shift simultaneously in the direction of the ball. Carolina Zone Set No. One great advantage of this zone is that you can protect your big from stepping outside as the wings can take any flashes to the high post. 2. The weak-side guard (1) sprints all the way across the court to deny the easy pass back to the guard. Disguising a 2-3 Zone – You can disguise a 2-3 zone defense by having your point guard play full court defense while your other guard plays in the high post. For example, if you do have a big and slow team, the most effective way to use a 2-3 zone may be to play a patiently, limit trapping, and force the offense to move the ball around until they can find a gap or an open shot. Therefore, hypothetically defensive players have more time to catch their breath as a result. The biggest difference between a man-to-man and a zone defense is that instead of being responsible for a certain offensive player, all defensive players are instead responsible for an area of the court. The two forwards (3 and 4) immediately sprint out to deny the wing players as this is where the point guard will often look to pass first. The 3-2 Sliding Zone Defence places a number of players around the basket and limits the distance that players have to move while still engaging the player with the ball and those offensive players one pass away. This page was last edited on 9 September 2020, at 08:58. 2. Use Ball-Screens | 8 Ways to beat a Zone Defense. It’s important that the players don’t foul on the trap and they force the offensive player to throw the ball high over the trap to give your other players a chance to steal the ball. Active hands and be aggressive pick off the skip pass that may be thrown need to the. 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