As of July 2016, 780 conversions were registered in Kerala. Kerala is a state in south-western India. Kerala records a descent growth of below 0.5% every year to its existing population. The state was recorded an to be 34,523,726 in 2017. [66], For Hindus, the TFR is highest in Wayanad (1.710) and lowest in Thiruvananthapuram (1.435). Trivandrum is the most populous place in Kerala. Emigration Hinduism is the most dominant religion with 56% Kerala Hindus in the state. Malayalam is the official IANS For in-depth, objective and more importantly balanced journalism, Click here to subscribe to Outlook Magazine By Ch. The most common Hindu castes are Dalit, Ezhava, Thiyya, Arayan, Nadars, Nair and Nambudiri. Population of Kerala by Religion According to Census of India 2011, about 2.8 million Keralites reside Of the total population of 3,34,06,061 in Kerala, the number of Hindus is 1,82,82,492, while the Muslim population is pegged at 88,73,472 and Christians 61,41,269. Hindus constitute more than 50 per cent of the 33 million Kerala population. According to 2011 Census of India figures, 54.73% of Kerala's population are Hindus, 26.56% are Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.33% follow other religions or have no religion. From 1951 to 1991, A Hindu temple and pond associated with it in Kerala. Calden Syrian (paavu m pillerum)=12% Mayukh= 1%[44], (Denominations should not be considered as caste or ethnic groups. Many of these immigrants intermarried with native Malayalam speakers resulting in formation of many Christians and Muslims in Kerala. From a figure of 33,715,202 in Malayali minorities are also found in the neighboring state of Tamil Nadu, mainly in Kanyakumari district and Nilgiri district and Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka and also in other metropolitan areas of India. As per census 2011, Hindu are majority in Kerala state. 70% of these are settled in UAE, Saudi Arabia, Oman and Qatar. The suicide rates in Kerala are the highest in India. Kerala's religious population presents a cultural backdrop of various Of the total population of 3,34,06,061 in the State, the number of Hindus is 1,82,82,492, while the Muslim population is pegged at 88,73,472 and … … Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala): In the State of Kerala which is ruled by anti-Hindu communists, the population of Hindus have considerably reduced. In 2007, 61.55% of the deaths were reported from Hindus, 17.50% from Muslims and, 19.75% from Christians. (Note that this is a list of metropolitan population and does not indicate the city populations. Kerala Population by Religion. terms of social development. According to the 2011 census, women outnumber men in all the districts of Kerala with the highest proportion in Kannur and Pathanamthitta districts. The ratio for Kerala is 1.084 — 1084 females per 1000 males — while the national figure is 0.940. Kerala is home to 2.76% of India's population, and at 859 persons per km²;[9] its land is three times as densely settled as the rest of India. In 2018, 60.54% of the deaths were reported from Hindus, 19.15% from Muslims and, 19.86% from Christians. Its population is estimated to be 35,122,966 in 2020, an increase of 167,605 from last year (2019) data of 34,955,361. [20], The major concentrations of expat Keralites are in the following nations: (figures as of 2011)[21], There are more than 2,500,000 migrants living in Kerala,[22] mostly from Assam and West Bengal, constituting more than 8% of the population. Hindus, Christians and Muslims are the major religious communities of the state, although a small population of Jains, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jews and some others are also present. Population statistics indicated are as of 2011 census.[30][31][32][33]. One caste group may be spread over many denominations. Following the path of Muslim dominated Mallapuram district, Kottayam also became Hindu Minority District in Kerala. Since Independence, for every decade, the Hindu population in Kerala has been falling at the rate of more than 1 percent. A recent NGO study reveals that 92 percent suicides were committed by Hindus. Kerala: Next five years, and Hindus will become a minority in the land of Sankaracharya (Kerala). second largest group with a population of 24.7%. With the arrival of the Aryans, caste system evolved. For the Muslims, it is Kannur (2.779) and Pathanamthitta (1.707), while for the Christians the respective districts are Kasaragod (1.929) and Kollam (1.539). Population of Kerala in 2014 The major religions of Kerala are Hindu, Islam, Christian. [43], Catholic church (Syrian and Latin rites) is the largest denomination among Kerala Christians. The above shocking observation has been made by ‘Keralathail Hindu group ‘Neriduna Velluvilikal’ of Dr. K. Jaiprasad. speaks Malayalam, followed by Tamil which is spoken by Tamil people in On the other hand, the 19 per cent Christian community commands 33.33 per cent and 25 per cent Muslim population … [12] The 2001 Indian census recorded only 51 Jews in Kerala. Kerala Population by Religion. a growth of 9.4% in population of Kerala, this further was down to 4.9% { Courtes - Mathrubhumi TV, Sreekala } 50% of Kerala Population is Hindus. Hinduism is the largest religion in Kerala and Hindu castes together make up 54.8% of the population of the state according to the 2011 census. The state is flanked by Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and the Lakshadweep Sea to the west. Thus, Kerala adds around 1.7 lakh people to its [6]. With a total human count of 4 million, Thiruvananthapuram or Malankara orthodox church, Jacobite Syrian orthodox church and Marthomite Syrian church denominations claim Syrian roots. A … By George, Kerala Hindus aren’t a majority for Cong allies VR JAYARAJ | KOCHI – Daily Pioneer. Muslims in Kerala share a common language with the rest of the non-Muslim population and have a culture commonly regarded as the Malayali culture. The BJP faces a peculiar situation in Kerala where over 40 per cent of the state’s population consists of religious minorities. Birth Rate was 17.1 in 1994-2001 (20.3 in 1984-1990 & 25.0 in 1974-1980). The vast majority of residents of Kerala are Malayalis, but there are many smaller ethnic groups including Tuluvas, Tamils, Kannadigas and Konkanis. Population Growth in Kerala It is believed that Hindu Religion started in India many thousand years ago. They hav ~ 80% of Suicides, Drugs, Alcohol issues, Family Breakdowns, Depression, Old age issues. Our hypothesis is that that Kerala will be drier in subsequent years perhaps due to climate change,” he says. Hinduism has a number of sacred writings, such as the Vedas, Upanishads, and Puranas which outline how its followers should conduct their lives. [26], Kerala has six major cities: Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Kozhikode, Kollam, Thrissur and Kannur. According to 2011 Census, 54.73% of Kerala's residents are Hindus, 26.56% are Muslims, 18.38% are Christians, and the remaining 0.32% follows other religion or no religion. state has shown major signs of improvement in social development of the Muslim Population in Kerala is 88.73 Lakhs (26.56 percent) of total 3.34 Crore. The lowest Fertility rate recorded anywhere in India is TFR of 1.17 for Vettuvan caste in Kerala. Major Protestant groups are: Church of South India(C.S.I.) Thus, Population growth in Kerala is marginally on the lower side if compared with other states of India. Kerala is situated in Southern India. state adds around 1.6 lakh people to its population which is low in [25], Studies indicate that by the time of 2016 state elections, migrants will become a crucial voting block in many of the constituencies in Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Kochi, Kozhikode, Thrissur and Kannur districts. Kerala is heading for a significant phase in its demographic transition with the State moving towards achieving zero population growth rate, which will result in an increase in scarcity of labour. Largest populations are found in UAE (883,313) and USA (680,076). This central focus — deemed unusual in India — was then maintained after Kerala's post-independence inauguration as a state. [17] It is also one of the states in India to have sub-replacement fertility. Kerala ranks highest in India with respect to social development indices such as elimination of poverty, primary education and healthcare. (17.5%) respectively. [10], Hinduism is followed by the majority of Keralites (54.7%). There are many Muslims in Kerala have fewer children than that of Muslims in UP and Bihar, and the same rule applies to Hindus also. The oldest church in India is found in Kerala, believed to be established by St. Thomas, the disciple of Jesus Christ and the Cheramaan Juma Mosque is considered to be the oldest mosque in the Indian subcontinent which was built by an Islamic missionary Malik Dinar. The Kerala was formed on 1 November 1956 after the States Reorganization Act. Religion/caste communities Kerala In addition, as of early 2013 there are close to 2.5 million (7.5% of state population) migrant workers from other states of India in Kerala.[34]. The calculated Muslim population (Indian Census, 2011) in Kerala state is 8,873,472. languages that are widely spoken in Kerala. Malabar will, in fact, become a Hindu minority starting 2021 itself. To access the 2011 data in the downloadable Excel sheet, go to cell H104 for the total population in Kerala, and cell K104 for the total number of Hindus in the state. Additional ancestries derive from millennia of trade links across the Arabian Sea, whereby people of Arab, Jewish, and other ethnicities settled in Kerala. Former Hindu Dalits constitute 95% of the total Christian population in the country. (Hint: It's not the BJP)", "Caste-based organisations NSS, SNDP form Hindu Grand Alliance in Kerala", "The communal polarisation of Kerala's voters", "Dheevara Sabha calls for redefining minority status", http://www.cds.edu/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/wp322.pdf, http://censusindia.gov.in/Tables_Published/SCST/dh_sc_kerala.pdf, "The Hindu : Kerala News : Increase in Muslim population in the State", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2018, Page Number 92", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2017, Page Number 90", http://www.ecostat.kerala.gov.in/images/pdf/publications/Vital_Statistics/data/vital_statistics_2016.pdf, "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2015, Page Number 21", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2014, Page Number 22", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2013, Page Number 22", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2012, Table – 2.7 (a), Page Number 23", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2011, Table – 2.7 (a), Page Number 23", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2010, Table – 2.7 (a), Page Number 23-24", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2009, Table – 2.7 (a), Page Number 19-20", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2008, Table – 1.7 (a), Page Number 19-20", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2007, Table – 1.7 (a), Page Number 16", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2006, Table – 1.7 (a), Page Number 34", "Annual Vital Statistics Report – 2005, Table – 1.7 (a), Page Number 28", http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011census/F-series/f10/2011-F10-32-MDDS.XLS, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Kerala&oldid=997963796, Demographics of India by state or union territory, Articles with dead external links from November 2014, Articles with dead external links from August 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Kerala's districts, shaded by population density. 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