However, there were no significant effects () with regard to P main effect, inoculant main effect and their interactions. This was a decrease from the previous fiscal year. The combined application of the rhizobium strains and the P fertilizer increased the nodule dry weight by about 145% over the uninoculated (control) plot. It has been established that application of P fertilizer stimulates node and pod formation in legumes [18] so the 30 kg P ha−1 may have caused this increase via increased pod node formation. China is the world's leading producer of peanuts, accounting for nearly 41% of the total output. Moreover, the country is the largest producer of cassava in the world, with about 50 million metric tons annually from a cultivated area of about 3.7 million ha. groundnut production Higher mandi prices for kharif crop, likely bumper rabi harvest spell gains for farmers: Crisil Research In crop year 2018-19, farm profits jumped 26% on-year over a low base of the preceding year (2017-18), which had seen per-hectare profits decline due to low mandi prices following a bumper crop. P fertilizer cum rhizobium inoculant also had a great influence on the pod yield of groundnut. The current findings agree with the observation of [17] that inoculating soybean with B. japonicum combined with 46 kg P2O5 ha−1 increased the mean nodule dry weight per plant compared to the uninoculated treatment. IGP: Need improved system to bring juveniles into justice, Listed cement makers are bouncing back from the pandemic hit, Jubo League leader held for sexually assaulting woman in Jessore, UNDP to address human rights issues in Covid-19, Everyone in Bangladesh now has a mobile connection, Please read our Comment Policy before posting, Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute. All inoculated P-fertilized plants flowered earlier than the plants without both P fertilizer and inoculation, with combined applications of BR 3267 and 30 kg P ha−1 reducing the days to 50% flowering by six days compared with the no P uninoculated plot (Table 2). 70% of the nuts are produced in the provinces of Jiangsu, Shandong, Guangdong, and Henan. The high cost of inorganic fertilizers coupled with the environmental threat posed by their application is also a major concern. Knoema is the most comprehensive source of global decision-making data in the world. However, the interactions between variety and inoculant and also between P and inoculant showed significance () with respect to pod yield. The results obtained agree with the work by [15] who found out that the nodule number per plant and root length increased when P was applied in combination with rhizobium inoculation. However, there was no significant () interaction of variety, phosphorus and rhizobium inoculants with respect to pod load. Inoculating Obolo with BR 3267 gave the highest nodule dry weight of 0.59 g per plant whereas the lowest nodule dry weight of 0.18 g per plant was obtained when Oboshie was planted without rhizobium inoculation (Table 2). In 2017/2018, it produced approximately 18.5 million metric tons of the nuts or 41% of the total world’s production and exported about 7%, consuming the rest. Growth, Nodulation, and Yield Responses of Groundnut (, CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, P. O. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. In order to determine the average seed size/weight, about 100 pods were randomly selected per treatment, shelled and the seeds were mixed and from this number 100 seeds were picked and weighed to estimate the average seed size/weight. The plants were gently scooped up with a spade and the roots were washed on a sieve under a jet of tap water and then placed on a paper towel in the shade to air-dry. Inoculation of the three groundnut varieties with both rhizobium strains USDA 3456 and BR 3267 reduced the period of flowering compared to the uninoculated groundnut varieties (Table 2). Influence of rhizobium inoculants and phosphorus fertilizer on days to 50% flowering and nodule dry weight of three groundnut varieties. Household Responsibility of Cultivation System in China has led to an increased production of pea… Thus there should be about 2.6 to 2.8 g of groundnut protein available per capita per day in “We are selling groundnut to the retailers at rates between Tk 3,600 and Tk 4,000 per maund depending on varieties and qualities, after purchasing those from farmers and local markets,” he added. The total number of nodules from the ten plants was divided by 10 to obtain the number of nodules per plant. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Specifically, the study was to determine the appropriate rhizobium strain to enhance nodulation, growth and grain yield of groundnut, to determine whether the response of groundnut to the rhizobium strains is variety-dependent and also to investigate the interactive effects of inoculation and phosphorus application on the above responses of the groundnut varieties. All other parts of the plant are used as animal feed [1]. Michael Asante, Benjamin Dzorgbenyui Kofi Ahiabor, Williams K. Atakora, "Growth, Nodulation, and Yield Responses of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) as Influenced by Combined Application of Rhizobium Inoculant and Phosphorus in the Guinea Savanna Zone of Ghana", International Journal of Agronomy, vol. The field was previously planted to maize for three years. This monthly report includes information on U.S. and global imports of dairy products, including maximum quantities that can be imported under tariff-rate quota licensing. Groundnut were sown in 20.09 million ha spread over 85 countries with the production of 22.59 million tonnes (t) and an average productivity of 1.12 t ha-1 (FAO 1989). The present study is in agreement with this finding as the combined use of P and inoculants increased yields of the test groundnut varieties. After removing the pods from the plants harvested from the four inner rows, the leaves and the roots were removed from the plants and the remaining stuff was weighed and recorded as field weight. there are several Indian peanut varieties, including Java, Bold, TJ, Java Long, G20, K6, Mathadi, J24 and Western 44. The higher pod yield by Samnut 22 compared with Obolo and Oboshie might not be due to a bigger seed size but probably due to a higher number of seeds per pod. The tender groundnut plants are growing fabulously currently both on the mainland and vast riverine char areas in all five districts of Rangpur agriculture region and three districts of Dinajpur agriculture region in the division. The uninoculated unfertilized (0 kg P ha−1) plots produced the lowest yield of 1074 kg ha−1 (Figure 3). Groundnut yields obtained by farmers in northern Ghana are generally low due to the poor soil fertility which has ensued as a result of continuous cropping coupled with low use of external inputs. Five plants were randomly selected from the harvested lot and their pods were detached, counted and the number recorded. Inoculation with BR 3267 produced the highest pod yield in all the three varieties with yields increasing from 13 to 40% over that of the uninoculated treatments, with BR 3267-inoculated Samnut 22 giving the highest yield of 2013 kg ha−1. With the consistently increasing demand of groundnut in the food industries and export of the products abroad, farmers are showing keen interests in enhancing groundnut cultivation on main lands and char areas to reap more benefits than other crops. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. … 2020, Article ID 8691757, 7 pages, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/8691757, 1CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, P. O. In the year 2019, China was the biggest peanut producer with a production of 17.5 million metric tons. Copyright Ⓒ 2012-2019. In 2018, about 60% of the peanuts grown were made into peanut butter. The data obtained were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) using GENSTAT (12th Edition) [12] and the means were separated with the least significant difference (LSD) approach at . The site is located at 09°23′29.8″N and 001°00′04.8″W. A combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and USDA 3456 to Samnut 22 produced the highest haulm yield of 6103 kg ha−1while the lowest yield of 1756 kg ha−1was obtained from the application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 to Oboshie (Table 5). “More than 15,000 farmers have achieved self-reliance by cultivating groundnut during the Rabi and Kharif seasons every year with assistance of the DAE in Rangpur division in the last 12 years,” Rashid added. Maximum increase in the area has been noted in the decade of 1950-51 and 1960-61 (43.8 percent) while the decade 1980-81 […] Physical and chemical properties of the soil of the trial site at Nyankpala, northern Ghana. Research work by [7] reveals that legumes inoculated with rhizobium in addition to phosphorus fertilizer respond differently in terms of growth, yield and nitrogen fixation. A total number of 81 plots with an individual plotsize of 9 m2 were used. Combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and rhizobium inoculation increased groundnut yield by 64 to 68%. Customers often buy the Java (white round shape) for hand to mouth consumption while the peanut butter factories choose bold & Tj depending on the process. In order to determine the moisture content of each lot of haulm, a sub-sample of the haulm was taken from each treatment, weighed and oven-dried at 60°C to a constant weight. Groundnut is mainly grown in the northern part of Nigeria, West Africa in large quantities compared to other regions of the country. Like most other legumes, peanuts harbor symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria in their root nodules.. The DAE officials said farmers have already completed sowing of groundnut seeds on over 9,000 hectares of land till Monday as the process continues in full swing amid excellent climatic conditions across the division. Plants in the middle four rows of each plot were harvested and the pods pricked from the roots and dried in the sun on a concrete floor for a sufficient number of days and then weighed using a digital balance. The groundnut variety, Samnut 22 was obtained from the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria and the Oboshie and Obolo were obtained from the Crop Research Institute of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR-CRI), Fumesua, Ghana. This notwithstanding, [6] reported that P is a limiting factor in plant nutrition as a result of the deficit of available soluble phosphate in the soil. The combined use of inoculants and P fertilizers usually enhances nitrogen uptake by plants and this nitrogen helps in the vegetative growth of the plant which might have contributed to the higher haulm yield obtained in this study. Their annual production is far more than the area this country has occupied. The trial was a split-split plot design with three replications. The study was carried out at the experimental field of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute (CSIR-SARI) in the Northern Region of Ghana. The warm and temperate climate of the state greatly support the peanut production. However, soils found in most groundnut-growing areas are inherently poor with deficiencies in most of the essential plant nutrients especially nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) [2]. The data will be made available upon request via mkasante08@yahoo.co.uk. Groundnut yields obtained by farmers in northern Ghana are generally low due to low soil fertility resulting from continuous cropping coupled with low use of external inputs. Indian groundnuts are available in different varieties: Bold or Runner, Java or Spanish and Red Natal. The production estimates for groundnuts in South Africa for the 2020 season has been revised downward by more than 16% due to the drought experienced during the past year in certain parts of the summer grain production regions, according to Luan van der Walt, Grain SA economist. Acting Additional Director of the DAE for Rangpur region Agriculturist Md. This value was averaged over the five plants to obtain the pod load which is defined as the average number of pods produced by one plant. Recent World Production, Markets, and Trade Reports . Harvested area is estimated at 2.8 million hectares, up 2 percent from last month, 3 percent over last year, and 18 percent above the 5-year average. Obolo had the highest seed weight of 85.8 g with the lowest weight of 44.2 g obtained from Samnut 22 (Figure 4). The result obtained is in agreement with the work done by [22] who reported that combined applications of P and rhizobium inoculant enhanced straw weight of soybean and other legumes. “The DAE has fixed targets of producing 12,168 tons of groundnut from 6,160 hectares of land for Rangpur agriculture region and 23,129 tons from 11,570 hectares for Dinajpur agriculture region in the division this time,” Moniruzzaman added. Our tools allow individuals and organizations to discover, visualize, model, and present their data and the world’s data to facilitate better decisions and better outcomes. The addition of rhizobium inoculants helps boost the number of nodules per plant which in turn increases the potential of N2 fixation with the help of P fertilizer [14]. P enhances photosynthetic activities of plants and also acts as an energy source for the rhizobium bacteria. Nigeria is one of the countries of the world with a variety of oil seeds notably groundnut, oil palm, soybean and cotton seeds. Nigeria accounts for cassava production of up to 20 per cent of the world, about 34 per cent of Africa’s and about 46 per cent of West Africa’s. Similarly, farmers Abdul Haque, Lokman Hossain, and Saiduzzaman, of Char Biswanath village in Kawnia upazila of Rangpur said they have cultivated groundnut on more char lands this year to recoup the crop losses they incurred during recent floods. Combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 increased the nodule numbers in Obolo, Oboshie and Samnut 22 by 144%, 188% and 56%, respectively compared to their uninoculated counterparts. Chemical composition: The chemical composition of groundnut is energy (Kj/100g) 240, water 5, carbohydrates 18, protein 28. Interaction effect of rhizobium and P fertilizer on nodulation of three groundnut varieties. BR 3267 produced the highest number of pods in all the three varieties (Table 4) and increased the pod numbers by 75%, 38% and 12% in Obolo, Samnut 22 and Oboshie, respectively over the uninoculated plants (Table 4). Assuming the level of production of 34 million Mt of groundnut in year 2000, there would be about 6.26 million metric tonnes of groundnut proteins (after correcting for the kernel yield). The most labor intensive operations in groundnut production – harvesting, stripping and shelling – have now been mechanized to ease the drudgery Read more... Archives December 2020 The below-listed states account for about 83-88% of the production, and they are; Kano, Kaduna, Taraba, Bauchi, Bornu, and Adamawa. Production forecast The drought has had a marked effect on the groundnut industry. World production of peanuts was approximately 45 million metric tons in 2017, with China being the world s largest producer. It is the number of days from planting to the time when 50% of the plants had flowered. All the varieties were selected because of their high yielding potential, medium maturity and their availability in the region. In China, groundnuts are mainly grown in seven regions according to the ecological zoning. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. R. W. Payne, S. A. Harding, D. A. Murray et al., D. Osei, S. Lamptey, C. L. Ayisi, and A. Apraku, “Effects of rhizobium inoculants and growth stages on shoot biomass and yield of soybean (, A. S. Abdulameer, “Impact of rhizobial strains mixture, phosphorus and zinc applications in nodulation and yield of bean (, R. Badar, Z. Nisa, and S. Ibrahim, “Supplementation of P with rhizobia inoculants to improve growth of peanut plants,”, S. Lamptey, B. D. K. Ahiabor, S. Yeboah, and D. Osei, “Effect of rhizobium inoculants and reproductive growth stages on shoot biomass and yield of soybean (, M. A. Tarekegn and K. Kibret, “Effects of rhizobium, nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers on growth, nodulation, yield and yield attributes of soybean at Pawe Northwestern Ethiopia,”, B. R. Buttery, “Analysis of the growth of soybeans as affected by plant population and fertilizer,”, M. Turuko and A. Mohammed, “Effect of different phosphorus fertilizer rates on growth, dry matter yield and yield components of common bean (, P. A. Ndakidemi, F. D. Dakora, E. M. Nkonya, D. Ringo, and H. Mansoor, “Yield and economic benefits of common bean (, J. Y. Asibuo and H. K. Adu-Dapaah, “Groundnut variety released,” in, C. C. Zoundji, P. Houngnandan, M. H. Amidou, F. A. Kouelo, and F. Toukourou, “Inoculation and phosphorus application effects on soybean [. 8/C, FR Tower, Panthapath, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh. The northern area of Ghana is seen to produce more peanuts than any other region of the country. Will polling return and decide next BGMEA president? The main Groundnut varieties produced in India are Kadiri-2, Kadiri-3, BG-1, BG-2, Kuber , GAUG-1, GAUG-10, PG-1 , T-28, T-64, Chandra, Chitra, Kaushal, Parkash, Amber etc. Data were recorded on days to 50% flowering, nodule number, nodule dry weight, pod load, pod yield, haulm weight and seed size (as 100-seed weight). The highest consumption in five years was recorded dur… Dairy Monthly Imports During the last Rabi season, farmers cultivated groundnut on 17,777 hectares of land and produced a record quantity of 33,607 tons of groundnut in the division. Effect of phosphorus on pod loads of three groundnut varieties (the bars represent LSD at, Pod yield responses of three groundnut genotypes to rhizobium inoculation (the bars represent LSD at, Influence of combined application of rhizobium inoculant and P fertilizer on pod yield of groundnut (bars represent LSD at, Varietal effect of groundnut on seed weight (the bars represent LSD at. The interactive effects of variety and inoculant and that of P fertilizer and inoculant were significant () but the interaction of all the three factors was not significant (). The cultivated groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) probably originated in Bolivia at the base of the Andes (Krapovickas 1968) extending into north Argentina (Ramanatha Rao 1988). Box TL 52, Tamale, Ghana, N. Ahmad, M. Rahim, and U. Khan, “Evaluation of different varieties, seed rates and row spacing of groundnut, planted under agro-ecological conditions of Malakand division,”, M. M. Buri, R. N. Iassaka, F. Hedeto, and W. Toshiyuki, “Comparison of soil nutrient status of some rice growing environments in the major agro-ecological zones of Ghana,”, E. V. Tairo and P. A. Ndakidemi, “Possible benefits of rhizobial inoculation and phosphorus supplementation on nutrition, growth and economic sustainability in grain legumes,”, J. Kevin Vessey, “Benefits of inoculating legume crops with rhizobia in the northern Great Plains,”, G. Nadia, “Influence of molybdenum on groundnut production under different nitrogen levels,”, M. N. Uma and G. Sathiyavani, “Solubilization of phosphate by, G. W. Mmbaga, K. M. Mtei, and P. A. Ndakidemi, “Extrapolations on the use of rhizobium inoculants supplemented with phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) on growth and nutrition of legumes,”, B. Ahiabor, S. Lamptey, S. Yeboah, and V. Bahari, “Application of phosphorus fertilizer on soybean [(, M. A. Alua, K. Peprah, and G. T. W. Achana, “Climate change implications for crop farming in Ghana’s semi-arid Guinea Savanna,”. 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