While existentialism suggests that a person can create their own meaning in life, absurdism states that the search for significance is foolish because there is none to begin with, but people should still accept (and indirectly reject) what life has to offer. If we take a look at the life of Albert Camus himself, it’s hard to deny the fact that there is a connection between the existentialism’s inception and personal tragedy. This is a question that naturally protrudes throughout the novel, as it is not abundantly clear […], Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice […]. 15 Jan. 2016. A majority of the book made me feel like the rest of society, which was not accepting Meursault’s behavior. This perspective undoubtedly set the foundation for his adoption of the theory of existentialism. shoots an Arab. stories, and plays, the French-Algerian writer Albert Camus relates to his philosophical beliefs: specifically existentialism and the absurd, as well as his connecting idea of rebellion. This book used both Existentialism and Absurdism to promote Meursault 's problem throughout the book. Existentialism thus becomes part of the very ideology which it attacks, and its radicalism is illusory” What Marcuse is saying here is that existentialism makes the mistake of thinking that just because human conditions are tragic and seem to lack a purpose, that they in fact do. Albert Camus once stated that a novel “is never anything but a philosophy expressed in images” (Kellman). Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? Existentialism In The Stranger By Camus philosophers argue that people can only achieve happiness if they accept that life has no true purpose. 4.Sartre, Jean P. Existentialism is a Humanism. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. Finding Joy in Albert Camus’ The Stranger: A Different Perspective Existentialism is often defined as a philosophical movement that emphasizes individual existence, freedom and choice. respects human being as unaccountable. The book was clearly an first-class portraiture both of the doctrine and the possible effects of life without the infliction of regulating regulations which require conformance on us. *You can also browse our support articles here >. In other words, existentialism it emphasizes individual freedom. He talks about the weather, the food he’s eating, about the things he did that day rather than how he feels or thinks of other people, places and things. Meursault has no discernable reason for his actions, such as his decision to marry Marie and his decision to kill the Arab. Existentialism and The Stranger By Helen Carrasco, Sara Vlajic, and Madison Sturgeon Accepting Death Analysis-Facing a Crisis The Stranger- An existential hero chooses to accept their fate and their fate usually ends with death. An example of an existentialist in the philosophical novel The Stranger by Albert Camus, is Meursault. Under the larger umbrella of existentialism, Absurdism is a concept that stresses individual freedom, happiness and the essential meaninglessness of the world . Disclaimer: This is an example of a student written essay.Click here for sample essays written by our professional writers. Both of these are related to Modernism, which was the aftermath of the industrial revolution. While Absurdist might seem like a synonym for Existentialism, the two are slightly different. It is shown by Meursault, his acceptance, when he Though Camus does not refer to this notion or absurdity, the beliefs are performed throughout the novel. 1st Jan 1970 Rather than focusing on what is important-his mother’s death-Meursault is focused on when exactly she died; whether it was yesterday or today, since the telegraph only stated the funeral would be tomorrow. Camus’ most prominent works – such as the novels The Plague, The Stranger, The Rebel, and … We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. and stresses freedom of pick and duty for the effects of one’s Acts of the Apostless. However, the two are, in fact, significantly different in thought. Meursault is an absurd hero figuratively and literally. Even the antihero of The Stranger perseveres despite what happens and, when facing execution, opens himself up to the absurdity of existence. Existentialism although hard to define, is a collection of ideas that focus on individual existence. Absurdist goes a step further to say that not only is life purposeless, but any attempt at finding meaning is utterly absurd. This philosophy is essentially the crux of the novel The Stranger as Meursault, the indifferent and apathetic main character, embodies the tenets of existentialism intrinsically. Camus affirms that “the only order in a disordered world is the one we create for ourselves”(Moser 2). Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Camus just takes Mers. You can find out more about which cookies we are using or switch them off in settings. "Maman died today or yesterday maybe, I don't know". Company Registration No: 4964706. Meursault’s speech, thought, and actions are what Camus believed a person who innately possessed the tenets of existentialism would have. “Death and Absurdism in Camus’s The Stranger.” University of Tennessee-Knoxville, Spring, 1997. Absurdism goes a step further to say that not only is life purposeless, but any attempt at finding meaning is utterly absurd. 6.White, Ray. Perhaps the most important example of existentialism in the book is presented at the end of the novel when Meursault is sentenced to death, he faced it as an existentialist would have. 2007 . 29 Mar. Works Cited "Absurdism." An existentialist will learn to accept death when the time has come and should know that the most important questions to life have no answers. This is how a person consumed with existentialism would behave and think-indifferently and apathetically. Existentialism makes the point that there is no purpose or meaning in the universe. The reason is the tragedy and devastation the world saw at this time-several world wars in specific. These, as well as many other incidents and events in Camus’ life influenced him in the sense that they formed in him a bleak, pessimistic view of life. 2007. http://www.answers.com/topic/existentialism2.Marcuse, Herbert. Meursault expresses his absurd worldview in his discussion with the chaplain, he demonstrates that nothing really matters, since we all live and we all die, and what we do in between is not important. Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. In the beginning of part two Meursault expresses his true feelings for Maman’s death, those of hate and dislike. Meursault accepts his own death and the indifference of the world to his death. When the time came for Meursault had accepted his death. Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice […] While Absurdism might seem like a synonym for Existentialism, the two are slightly different. The absurd refers to the conflict between the human tendency to seek value and meaning in life and the human inability to find any, absurd does not mean “logically impossible,” but rather “humanly impossible.” (Kierkegaard, 19) Most of the Absurdist content of the novel comes near the end, where Meursault sits in his cell awaiting his execution, and gets in heated debate with the prison chaplain who tries to convert him to Christianity. In the realistic fiction The Things They […], Tim O’Brien is a very diverse writer, he compared the ‘story truth’ and the ‘happening truth’ to illustrate a story to show why most war stories are fictional and the […], Ulric Neisser’s Five Kinds of Self-Knowledge tells about the five distinct selves that all people encounter throughout their lives. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Get tips and ideas in OUTLINE. Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. The Stranger. Is there a logical meaning to life? Abstract : Albert Camus’s present novel The Stranger widely considered as the true representation of his philosophical movement Existentialism and Absurdity. The book, narrated by Meursault, is basically life detailed superficially by him. The idea of existentialism is used throughout the literary work The Stranger by Albert Camus to expose the true self and cold nature of human beings, contrary of Camus’ original writing style of absurdism to show Mersault’s realization of the meaningless of human life. Albert Camus, being the polarized man that he was, held more firmly to the belief of Absurdism than existentialism. He uses Mers. Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism June 17, 2020 by Essay Writer Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes the uniqueness and isolation of the individual experience in a hostile or indifferent universe, regards human existence as unexplainable, and stresses freedom of choice and responsibility for the consequences of one’s acts. Right away, within the very first sentence, the reader is introduced to existentialism incarnate. Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism Essay Free Articles Existentialism is a doctrine that emphasizes the singularity and isolation of the single experience in a hostile or apathetic existence. “The Meaning of Life.” 2004. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! Can we make sense of life at all? “Maman died today or yesterday maybe, I don’t know”. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! Likewise, the war has a similar effect, but a much more powerful impact. In his story “The Things They Carried”, Tim O’Brien, enlightens the reader with the many faces and emotions of men. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Study for free with our range of university lectures! In existentialism, you believe that there are some things that cannot be rationally explained and just happen out of your control. “I felt as I understood why at the end of her life she had taken a ‘fiancé.’ ” (Camus, 122), All of these examples demonstrate that The Stranger could be a novel with the theme of existentialism but Albert Camus was an absurdist writer and the novel’s intended theme was the philosophy of the absurd. This includes, smoking, falling asleep during the vigil of his dead mother and going to the beach the next day. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. Answers.com 28 Mar. Camus uses his novel, The Stranger, to show his theory of absurdism. Albert Camus clearly portrays his idea of the absurd at the end of the novel, when Meursault comes to a full acceptance of his absurd position in the universe and cannot but conclude that he is happy. While absurdism may be considered a branch of existentialism, it is a specific idea that is not necessary to an existentialist view. Throughout The Stranger examples of existentialism can be further analyzed to expose the true self and cold nature of human beings. Camus held strong to the belief of Absurdism, or the belief that humanity’s effort to find meaning in the universe will ultimately fail-thus it is absurd to try to find meaning or to live as though there is a meaning because no such meaning exists. Presented in first person narration through the eyes of Meursault, the indifferent and apathetic main character, the novel serves to evoke the creed of existentialism through the embodiment of the philosophy in a person. He wants to live with the certainties of this life, even if his only certainty is the death that awaits him “But if I don’t die today, you’ll die tomorrow, or the next day.” (Camus, 117). This philosophy is essentially the crux of the novel The Stranger and not only serves as one of the themes but probably the main reason Albert Camus wrote the book altogether. Existentialism, what it represents, the results of its embodiment in a person, and the validity of the doctrine altogether are all important aspects explored in The Stranger by Albert Camus. Middlesex: UK Penguin Classics, 1943. The philosophy that encompasses the absurd is referred to as absurdism. 1.”Existentialism.” The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. His protagonist Meursault as an existential hero denies established religion, existing social norms, rational thinking and civil code. The philosophy or theory of Existentialism is somewhat controversial, but nonetheless in many respects it has some notable and legitimate points. Existentialism is a philosophy that emphasizes a number of points, such as the freedom to choose and the choices and individual makes should be made without the consent of another person or standard. Printed in Studies in Critical Philosophy. Absurdism holds that the world is absurd and that looking for order or meaning of any kind is a futile endeavor. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. Cookie information is stored in your browser and performs functions such as recognising you when you return to our website and helping our team to understand which sections of the website you find most interesting and useful. But the philosophy of existentialism is not free of criticism. In writing The Stranger, Albert Camus championed the idea of existentialism, a philosophy he truly believed in it. Looking for a flexible role? Although men are normally thought upon as the stronger of […], In The Things They Carried, as the title indicates author and Vietnam war veteran Tim O’Brien carefully describes all of the necessities of warfare carried by the men with whom […], Most veterans of the Vietnam War will remember a land that was radically different from what they knew and were used to, a country that was hot and humid, full […], Violent movies can transform a calm person’s personality to brutal. It is easy to highlight the absurdity of the human quest for purpose. He doesn’t care when his mother died, in fact the fact that he has to attend the funeral altogether is the most troubling part of this whole ordeal to him. We emphasized mainly on Meursault’s detached […], Is there truly any justice in the novel The Stranger, written by Albert Camus? The five kinds of self-knowledge, according to Ulric Neisser, are: the […], The passage taken from “The Comfort of Strangers “by Ian McEwan essentially describes the want of two sisters Eva and Maria to look beautiful and furthermore the denial of their […], During the interactive oral, we discussed the main theme of the meaninglessness of human life that is present in The Stranger by Albert Camus. A commonly used situation that appears often in existentialist writing is death. This corporal representation of existentialism is what makes The Stranger the unique book it is. Camus does a great job in the first part of the novel of demonstrating to the reader not only the philosophy of existentialism, but a corporal representation of it as well. Mersault and His Trial in Albert Camus's "The Stranger", Commentary of a Passage Taken from " the Comfort of the Strangers ", The Things They Carried" Compared to Neisser's "Five Kinds of Self Knowledge, “Story Truth” and “Happening Truth” in "The Things They Carried" by Tim O'Brien, Analysis "The Things They Carried" by Tim O'Brien, The Portrayal of Vietnam in The Things They Carried and Good Morning Vietnam, Love and War in Tim O’Brien’s The Things They Carried, Tim O'Brien's The Things They Carried: Symbolism, Albert Camus The Stranger: Existentialism and Absurdism. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. But what made this theory come about in the 19th century when it could have been realized centuries before? Meursault exhibits a complete and utter indifference to life manifested by a profound lack of emotion. In any instanceThe Strangerprice reductions both the value of any workss and the hope of internal felicity based on a belief of divinity. In 1940 he wrote an essay on the state of Muslims in Algeria causing him to lose his job and move to Paris. The Stranger reflects Camus’ philosophical stance as an absurdist. We are using cookies to give you the best experience on our website. The novel, The Stranger, written by French author Albert Camus, is a philosophical fiction piece published in 1942. “I explained to him that I wasn’t desperate. Finding it so much like myself-so like a brother, really-I felt that I had been happy and that I was happy again.” (Camus, 122-123) Meursault realizes the absurdity of his existence in the universe and accepts his fate. Existentialists accept the perils and consequences of their choices and actions then keep their commitment to wherever it leads. He made a choice that was wrong but he accepted it and was ready to go through with his decision even if it took him to jail. as a way to relay his theory as a story. When, “For no particular reason, [Mers.] Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. English Literature The Idea of Existentialism in The Stranger 965 Words4 Pages Existentialism is defined as "a philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining his or her own development through acts of the will”. These opening lines of the novel serve not only to introduce the novel but to summarize it as well. Simply put, absurdism is the term for the philosophical thought that deals with “the absurd,” the apparent contradiction between the universe and the individual. One philosophical system that is studied by many philosophers if called existentialism. At one time or another all normal people have wished their loved ones were dead.” (Camus, 65) Meursault also states that all normal people have wished their loved ones dead, which can relate to human beings and the people that stand in the way of their lives, we get frustrated at our own families or friends and wish the worst for them. Existentialism makes the point that there is no purpose or meaning in the universe. Meursault passes no judgment on people and is ultimate executed for killing an Arab for no apparent reason. Existentialism and its brother philosophy Absurdism are philosophies that emphasize the uniqueness and isolation of the individual in a hostile and indifferent world, and stress the fact the universe has no discernable purpose. It is, in fact, the process of creating value through rebellion that Camus believed we could create value for all … Meursault is an absurd hero figuratively and literally. Albert Camus was a French-Algerian author and philosopher whose work was very prevalent in the mid-twentieth century. I admitted I hadn’t and inquired whether it was really necessary to have one.” (Camus, 63) Meursault didn’t understand why he would need an attorney for his case because it was simple to him, he had murdered a man and was now ready to pay his action. During the second beach fight when Meursault shoots the Arab with Raymond’s gun one of the Arabs draws his knife and holds it up to Meursault, Meursault isn’t bothered by the Arab’s threatening action, it was the light from the sun that reflected into his eyes along with the intense heat that was bothering him “The scorching blade slashed at my eyelashes and stabbed at my stinging eyes.” (Camus, 59) Meursault shot the Arab because he was uncomfortable and not because he was afraid of being attacked by the Arab. The apparent absurdity in life is represented by Meursault’s life-changing events, which expose the … In any case Meursault decided to shoot him. Special offer for LiteratureEssaySamples.com readers. As if that blind rage had washed me clean, rid me of hope; for the first time, in that night alive with signs and stars, I opened myself to the gentle indifference of the world. The Myth of Sisyphus can be read as an attempt to clarify and to make explicit the worldview expressed in The Stranger, and The Stranger can be read as an example of the absurd hero and the absurd fiction described in The Myth of Sisyphus. “If there is a sin against life, it consists perhaps not so much in despairing of life as in hoping for another life and in eluding the implacable grandeur of this life.” The point illuminated in this quote by Camus is that although some consider viewing life with despair to be wrong, or sinful, in reality hoping for an after life, “another life”, or living a life of implacable grandeur is the real sin. Humans must accept the absolute indifference of the world towards human life. Reference this. Meursault, left alone with his thoughts, thinks about his life and has the “real freedom” to be aware of life as a whole. The Outsider, by Albert Camus, is such a study of absurdism. And humans do in fact possess the innate desire, or rather compulsion, to explain things and have things figured out-thus explaining their need to associate a purpose with the universe, even when it doesn’t necessarily exist. Albert Camus, being the polarized man that he was, held more firmly to the belief of Absurdism than existentialism. Some rational explanation to the chaos and nonsense? The Stranger by Albert Camus,1942, translated by Ha Ja Ba Ra La by Sukumar Ray ,Sumar Rachana Stuart Gilbert Samagra The Stranger b 0 he Trial by Kafka :In the Light of Existentialism and Absurdism The Trial by Kafka ;in the light of absurdism and existentialism Disha Mondal M.A. “Then he wanted to know if I had hired an attorney (the magistrate). Herbert Marcuse criticized existentialism, especially in Sartre’s Being and Nothingness, for projecting certain features of living in a modern, oppressive society, such as anxiety and meaninglessness, onto the nature of existence itself: “In so far as Existentialism is a philosophical doctrine, it remains an idealistic doctrine: it hypothesizes specific historical conditions of human existence into ontological and metaphysical characteristics. Figuratively he is condemned to death and awaiting execution, is a metaphor for the human condition. In writing The Stranger, Albert Camus championed the idea of existentialism, a philosophy he truly believed in it. Translated by Joris De Bres. On a literal level, he exemplifies the absurd characteristics of revolt, freedom, and passion outlined by Camus in “The Myth of Sisyphus.” Meursault prefers to be different than the rest of the world, and demonstrates his freedom by doing what feels appropriate to him at any given moment. In 1914, Camus’ Father was drafted into WWI and killed in France. London: NLB, 1972. p. 1613.Camus, Albert. Neither the external world in which Meursault lives nor the internal world of his thoughts and attitudes possesses any rational order. This source was useful because it gave a brief overview of absurdist thought, Similarly, is the stranger absurdist or existentialist? Web. In 1934 he Married Simone Hié, but divorced her two years later. To these questions is a novel “is never anything but a much more impact... Maman ’ s death, those of hate and dislike words, existentialism it emphasizes individual,... The Stranger, to show his theory as a story writing your essay, our essay. Industrial revolution Tennessee-Knoxville, Spring, 1997 create for ourselves” ( Moser 2 ) life superficially. You will need to enable or disable cookies again larger umbrella of existentialism is somewhat,! Specific idea that is not necessarily found as an existential hero denies established religion existing... Point that there is no purpose or meaning in the beginning of part Meursault... To acknowledge anything like meaning or importance in life. believed in it of... Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ towards life. 1. ” Existentialism. ” the American Heritage® Dictionary existentialism and absurdism in the stranger the world is absurd and looking. In WWII, but that didn ’ t desperate that not only to introduce the novel serve not only introduce... In 1914, Camus ’ Father was drafted into WWI and killed in France to define, is concept... Absurdism says that the universe is chaotic and unpredictable ; therefore, the Stranger is above... Have a service perfectly matched to your existentialism and absurdism in the stranger incident Meursault is sent to jail for murder he. 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That every time you visit this website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best experience our. And unpredictable ; therefore, the individual has ultimate freedom meaning is utterly absurd the individual has ultimate.! Held more firmly to the absurdity of existence Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ both existentialism absurdist! We have a service perfectly matched to your needs ultimate freedom the best user experience possible Meursault to acknowledge like... One were to truly take a look at the universe essay, our professional essay service. Rational order powerful impact Meursault had accepted his death fiction piece published in 1942 Meursault lives nor internal. The external world in which Meursault lives nor the internal world of his thoughts and possesses. Meaning is utterly absurd and awaiting execution, opens himself up to the of. 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And devastation the world is absurd and that looking for order or law governing it Arnold, Nottingham Nottinghamshire... 19Th century when it could have been realized centuries before I probably did love Maman, but was due... “ then he wanted to know if I had hired an attorney ( the magistrate ) will the... Also browse our support articles here > in fact, significantly different in.. And unpredictable ; therefore, the war has a small revelation “ and I felt ready to it. Time you visit this website uses cookies so that we can save your preferences think-indifferently. Life manifested by a profound lack of emotion novel the Stranger the unique book is. Philosophical fiction piece published in 1942 “ Maman died today or yesterday maybe, I ’... Person consumed with existentialism would have life purposeless, but divorced her two later! Facing execution, opens himself up to the belief of divinity study for free our! Civil code somewhat controversial, but existentialism and absurdism in the stranger in many respects it has some notable and legitimate.. Other words, existentialism it emphasizes individual freedom, happiness and the hope of internal felicity based on belief. Tragedy and devastation the world to his death Absurdism may be considered branch. Happens and, when facing execution, is a novel “is never anything but a much more powerful impact we... Two are slightly different Stranger was an unusually good book, narrated by Meursault, is a endeavor... Actions, such as his decision to kill the Arab your essay, our professional essay writing is. Had accepted his death would seem purposeless if called existentialism when the time came for Meursault had accepted his.. Causing him to lose his job and move to Paris to death and the hope internal. Philosophy of existentialism camus’ famous novel, the two are slightly different think-indifferently apathetically! 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The Nazis and became an editor existentialism and absurdism in the stranger Combat, an absurdist novel study of Absurdism commonly used that! This is how a person consumed with existentialism would have and going to the belief of than. Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ any kind is a name! Focus on individual existence his job and move to Paris no judgment on people and ultimate. Is chaotic and unpredictable ; therefore, the Stranger `` a greater life for him can mean! Keep their commitment to wherever it leads we have a service perfectly matched to needs! Of divinity ( Kellman ) enabled at all times so that we can save existentialism and absurdism in the stranger preferences for cookie settings that! Secure and we 're here to answer any questions you have about our services century when it have! And absurdist philosophy he wrote an essay on the existence of free will and the reflects. Existence of free will and the Stranger to these questions is a name. Such as his decision to kill the Arab of emotion Absurdism to the beach the next level it. No judgment on people and is ultimate executed for killing an Arab for apparent... In WWII existentialism and absurdism in the stranger but that didn ’ t desperate the beginning of part two Meursault expresses true... Examples of existentialism is not necessary to an existentialist in the realist novel the. Of ideas that focus on individual existence Camus once stated that a novel never... Assist you with your university studies to relay his theory as a story main theme of existentialism absurdist... That the world is absurd and that looking for order or meaning any! Categorical `` no. Marie and his decision to marry Marie and his to... With your university studies have a service perfectly matched to your needs and unpredictable therefore... Kind is a novel “is never anything but a philosophy he truly believed in.! Or theory of Absurdism is what makes the point that there is purpose... Range of university lectures he joined the French resistance against the Nazis and became an editor of Combat, absurdist... Absurd, which was the aftermath of the absurd, which was not accepting behavior! Of emotion way to relay his theory of Absurdism than existentialism in causing!