Transplanting a mature cactus can pose not only a danger to the plant but also to yourself. Then start prying around the plant gently. However, if it’s below 60°F, avoid watering for at least four months so long as there’s precipitation. Choose a stake that is as tall as the cactus and place it into the container as you place the cactus into the container. Water. Successfully transplanting a cactus requires careful new site preparation. Water the plant deeply to settle the soil. It’s a stressful process for any plant, and you need to keep a close eye on the situation for at least a month before returning to your regular care schedule. Source: ehow.co.uk If you’re working with a particularly large or heavy plant, you may need a few extra sets of hands to help you. Install a stake in the new container at the time you repot if your large cactus requires support. When you’ve chosen your plant, make sure to mark one side and note the orientation. If you’re working with a particularly heavy cactus, you may want to use two hoses and employ a partner’s help. It’s best to remove any damaged roots, as they can decompose and attract disease that may kill your plant. When it comes to moving cacti around the garden, however, many homeowners are understandably apprehensive. Thick plastic tarp. New soil should be completely dry. How to Transplant Aloe Vera. Choose a pot about one inch bigger in diameter than the plant's old pot; use a potting soil with a high proportion of organic matter like peat or compost, and some coarse sand added. Water the plant twice per week for a month unless nighttime temperatures drop below 60 degrees Fahrenheit (16 C.). If you have a cactus that’s more than five feet tall, you may want to consider staking. The not-expert way, I guess. Fill a 4- to 6-inch-diameter pot with a potting soil formulated for cactus plants. It should form a new plant most of the time and root in 30 days. Even thick leather gloves may not be enough to protect you from some species’ spines. Soak if old soil doesn’t fall off easily. A larger cactus may require two people to lift safely. This step-by-step guide will show you how to transplant a large cactus with or without help. Fill soil around both the cactus roots and the stake, then tie the stake to the cactus with stretchy plant ties. Keep the cloth in place for 3 to 4 weeks as the plant re-establishes and adapts to its new conditions. Moving cacti in the landscape, especially large specimens, can be a challenge. You should aim to move cacti when temperatures climb above 60°F. If transplant takes place in spring or summer, cover the plant with shade cloth to prevent burning. The Christmas cactus grows best when its roots are somewhat restricted. If you cut off the top a couple of feet below the tip of the cactus, it can be replanted right away, and should continue growing. After digging up a live cactus, you can’t move it immediately to its new location. The cactus roots should air dry for a few days before installing the plant in its new location. Mark the plant so you can situate it in the same orientation in which it is growing. In retrospect, I’d skip this step altogether for a horizontal transport. You may not want to transplant just any cactus around your yard. Before moving the plant, you may want to wrap it in an old blanket or pad the flesh to avoid getting pricked. Transplanting a cactus can be done at any time of the year, but the best time is in cool weather. Learn the proper procedures on how to transplant a Saguaro cactus.From the Southwest Yard & Garden series. Gently lift the cactus into the hole root first. Once you’ve dug your trench, gently pry up around the plant with a shovel to loosen it. Covering the cactus will also help to protect it from bruises and puncture wounds during transport. Backfill around the roots and tamp down. Wear protection on your chest, hands (see cactus mitts discussed later) and ‘below’. ; in the passenger seat of my MINI ). Remove your cactus from the pot (will discuss how to do it in a second) and remove any old soil from the roots. Transplanting Large succulents: Christmas Cactus My Great Grandmother's Christmas Cactus, ready for repotting: I have been graced to own my great grandmothers Christmas cactus. Cacti make an ideal addition to any xeriscaped or drought-resistant garden. Doing this helps to prevent issues such as root rot later. If the soil is sandy, add around 25% compost. Ensure the pot has at least one drainage hole, as cactus plants rot quickly in soggy soil. Don’t you just love freebies in the garden! Now cut across the bottom of the hole and sever the tap root. When the plant is loose, you can safely pull it up out of the hole. Houseplant Repotting: Christmas Cactus: Christmas Cactus (Thanksgiving, Holiday) are long-lasting, attractive succulents. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. After a month, diminish watering frequency to every 2 to 3 weeks in summer and 2 to 3 times during winter. In sandy locations, add 25% compost. I bought the mix and the amendments but that’s it. Shovel. In northern areas, transplant in the spring. Cacti tend to have fleshy, fragile roots, and so you have to be gentle during the transplanting process. Dig a trench about one to two feet out from the plant to avoid cutting into the root system. How to Transplant a Cactus Begin by digging a trench around the plant 1 to 2 feet (.3-.6 m.) away and about 18 inches (46 cm.) How to plant succulent cuttings without them is rotting is a big problem, but can be avoided by inserting them into a well-drained rooting mix. You can transplant a mature cactus at just about any time of year, especially if you live in a warmer climate. In sunny weather, cover the cactus for the first month or so until the plant is established. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Carefully start digging about one foot away from the saguaro’s trunk. Then lay the callous end on cactus soil in pot and spritz with water very regularly. Instead, aim to separate the root system from the soil as much as possible without causing any damage. Therefore, it's best to choose small pots that will allow not more than an extra inch of soil on all sides of the divided sections. Some special care is required for several months after moving a cactus plant. 24 Varieties of Senecio Lower Classifications, 13 Best Places to Buy Succulents Online [2021 Buying Guide], Best LED Grow Light on Amazon [2021 Reviews], 5 Best Plant Identification Apps [2021 Edition], Best Drainage Pots for Succulents [2021 Edition]. It’s best to avoid moving cacti when it’s too cold out. Large plants over 5 feet (1.5 m.) in height will benefit from staking. Select a pot only one size larger than the current pot. Prepare the pear cactus for transplant. Let the broken piece sit out for up to a week for it to get a callous on the broken off end. Only transplant healthy specimens that will have the best chance of re-establishing. If necessary, add extra irrigation in dry spots and shading in areas with too much sun. With the right care, you can safely move any large cactus to redecorate your garden. Usually, around 18 inches is enough to get under the cactus’s root ball. I tell myself that it’s over 100 years old – but I have no idea of its age, only it’s provenance. Dip the blade into a mix of 1 part bleach to 9 parts water for 60 to 90 seconds. Place the cactus on your working surface and … Read more articles about General Cactus Care. Orient the cactus at the same exposure it experienced in the old planting location. Know your cacti. Use the hose (or hoses) to gently lift the cactus out of the ground. Select a 3- to 6-inch-long portion of the cactus for the best chances of successful rooting. Large, mature cacti are more resistant to changes in temperature and irrigation, so they are more likely to survive a transplant than small or young cactus plants. Make sure to water your plant twice per week in warm weather for at least a month. If it's a large cactus, a friend to help with lifting. By taking proper precautions, you can safely rearrange your landscaping and move cacti wherever you need for a more dramatic look. Carefully lift the cactus … Once you have excavated the roots, use the shovel to pry out the plant. In this case, do not water unless up to 4 months have gone by without precipitation. Most cactus roots are close to the soil’s surface, so you don’t have to dig too deep. Though roots might break during the separation process, it doesn't cause harm to the mother plant or her pups. Removing the outer leaves of a large agave plant lessens the weight during transplanting and results in a healthier looking plant. Watch for signs of stress and address each symptom individually. For the arid Southwest, transplant in spring, summer or early fall. You don’t need to get the cactus all the way loose. Transplant the Christmas cactus into a new container that's 1 to 2 inches larger in diameter than the base of the plant or the current pot. Aloe Vera plants are easy to grow and propagate, they are also very easy to transplant into a larger pot when your adult plant fills its pot. When you move your cactus, it’s vital that the sun hits it in the same way as before. 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If you are determined to take on the process yourself, consider site preparation, have several extra hands available and prepare the plant carefully to avoid harming pads, limbs and causing yourself and your helpers any pain. You have to ensure that the roots are healthy and free from any pests or pathogens that might hamper growth. deep. Try to leave as many roots as possible. Steps to Transplanting Your Cactus Dig a Trench. Anything colder may inhibit the growth of new roots, causing the plant to wither and die. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Often, fence post cacti break under their own weight if not wholly supported. Shake off some of the old dirt from the roots before planting it in fresh cactus or succulent potting soil. If they are not too heavy for a single person, you still have to deal with their girth so picking them up may end up with you having a huge cactus suddenly in your lap (painful, trust me). This process poses more danger to you than the plant due to the spines, thorns and other dangerous armor most of these plants possess. Even if you know how to transplant a large cactus flawlessly, there’s still aftercare to consider. Wrap a large garden hose around the plant and lift it out of the hole. Any commercial cactus mix or good potting soil can be made better drained by adding coarse sand or perlite; generally a one-to-one ratio of potting soil and drainage material good to start with. Preparation is crucial when moving a cactus plant. Then start prying around the plant gently. The best way to get the cactus out of the ground without damaging the plant or yourself is by using a hose for leverage. For instance, the familiar jade … Many species boast thick spines or thorns that can easily pierce the skin. Break it off at the joint. How to Plant & Transplant Cactus Small Outdoor Cactus. You should also avoid any cacti that show yellowing, which is a common sign of sun damage, or that look gnawed on by pests. If the transplant is carried out in the winter, the first watering is carried out only in the spring. Heavy leather gloves and long sleeves to protect against spines are the main safety tools when... Large Outdoor Cactus. Remove the Plant. The first step before moving your cactus is to dig it out of its current position safely. Within a few months, your plant should be well established and on its way to recovery from the moving process. The new container must have drainage holes in the bottom so excess water can drain out. Cacti are succulents, but not all succulents are cacti. It’s generally not a good idea to do this by hand, especially with large cactus varieties. How to Transplant a Barrel Cactus By Bryn Bellamy Things You'll Need. Know and how to transplant a cactus in the home – the key to his longevity. For this excursion, I moved two large cacti horizontally on a 40-minute highway drive. I’ll quote his advice in full for anyone else crazy enough to try moving a large agave: Agaves usually don’t mind being dug up and moved. The plant can be used … order to transplant the cactus (Fig 13). Once you’re done, backfill around the roots with healthy, loose soil and tamp down. deep. Once you’ve dug your trench, gently pry up around the plant with a shovel to loosen it. Christmas cactus is a jungle cactus that prefers humidity and moisture, unlike its standard cactus cousins, which require a warm, arid climate. If you do everything correctly, cactus repay its long flowering period. Once you’re ready to transplant your cactus, you can do so in just a few simple steps. So I emailed local agave expert Jeff Pavlat, president of the Austin Cactus and Succulent Society and whose beautiful garden MSS posted about recently. Cactus roots are usually near the surface but are delicate, so be careful during this process. Fill in around the roots with your medium and place it in a sunny southeast or east window. Mark the north-facing side of the cactus with brightly colored … Some tips on how to transplant a cactus without harm to you or the plant will follow. Take note of which direction the crown faces before moving a barrel cactus. Here, we’re going to go over how to transplant a large cactus in your garden and ensure that it thrives afterward. When the roots come through the drainage holes or the cactus stem fills the pot, transplant it. Large barrel cacti generally need multiple people involved. Transplanting & working with cactus; how I stay spine free: Steps taken: This is one of the more crucial details because it will prevent or minimize sunburn. The first step before moving your cactus is to dig it out of its current position safely. Make sure to take care that the roots don’t get squished or damaged during this step. Wrap the plant in a carpet remnant, particularly if it’s a tall, thin type that needs continuous support. They’re attractive, easy to care for, and there are endless varieties to choose from to spice up your landscaping. You need to do this with minimal damage to the root system, which can be a challenge with mature or large plant specimens. Soil conditions, sun exposure, water levels, and temperature should all be near identical. Cactus roots are usually near the surface but are delicate, so be careful during this process. Wrap a thick garden hose just below the plant’s midsection, making sure it fits snugly without cutting into the plant base. When excess water doesn't drain freely, the soil stays too wet, which causes root rot. Separate the pups just below the soil surface with a knife or the edge of the spade. Dig a shallow, wide hole that is the same size as the original planting site. Here's what you need to know about repotting Christmas Cactus including when & how to do it along with the best soil mix to use.Christmas Cactus, although lovely w… This video is about how to transplant a 35 year old golden barrel cactus into a new, larger pot! Prepare a new pot for the cactus. A word of caution: wild cactus cannot be harvested legally in most areas, so this information applies to cultivated cacti in the landscape only. A winter-bloomer, Christmas cactus displays flowers in shades of red, lavender, rose, purple, white, peach, cream and orange, depending on the variety. Carefully lift the plant and settle it in the correct orientation in the prepared hole. You should dig a wide, shallow hole and make sure that the soil around the area has plenty of drainage. This can help you to avoid exposing more sensitive parts of the plant to UV rays, minimizing sunburn during the day. In areas with rich or clay soil, add pumice to help assist with drainage. PRO TIP: This step works best if you cactus is fully or slightly upright (i.e. Occasionally, mature cactus plants have to be moved. All rights reserved. Allow the remaining healthy roots to air dry and scab over for two or more days. Place your cactus in the pot and gradually fill it with the soil mix. If the plant is large, you may need more than two people, or even a vehicle for pulling. Mature cactus plants can get quite large and require professional assistance to minimize plant damage. Without proper TLC, a newly transplanted cactus can easily die. On top add some fresh soil mix before you introduce your cactus. The cacti dislodged from their pots (which were ultimately being replaced). Try to plant the cactus in an area of your yard that’s similar to its original home. Sign up for our newsletter. Among important repotting cactus tips is to not water the plant yet, as it … You can also hire professional assistance to ensure that the entire transplanting process goes smoothly. Those that are weak or sickly have a far lower chance of surviving a move than a healthy, hardy plant. If the planting site is dramatically different from the original site, you may need to spend some time preparing the area. During this time, assess the soil and amend as needed. Select pots with bottom drainage holes so the soil doesn't retain too much moisture. These prolific growers eventually need to be repotted. Begin by digging a trench around the plant 1 to 2 feet (.3-.6 m.) away and about 18 inches  (46 cm.) If you haven’t already prepared your transplant site, it’s good to do so while the roots are drying. On the other hand, if it has too much clay, add pumice or perlite to help with drainage. Preparing the Cactus for Its New Pot Clean the roots. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window). You can either lift it onto its side or place it directly into a cart or dolly for easy transport. Shake off the old soil and plant the cactus at the same depth it was growing in the old soil. Dig down until you encounter several lateral roots. The large ceramic pot was also left by the previous owner and had a Dracaena marginata directly planted in it which has since been transplanted also. Choosing the right transplant site is just as important a consideration as picking the right cactus. After transplantation cacti again placed on wintering. Plants with large pads should be swaddled in an old blanket or something that will cushion the limbs while giving you protection from the spines. The new pot should be about 2 inches larger than the old one. It’s best to look for a cactus with no apparent signs of stress or disease, such as blemishes or abrasions. © 2021 Succulent Alley. Please consider making a donation to our dance group, MT Family. 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As they can decompose and attract disease that may kill your plant planting it in the spring already... To recovery from the plant but also to yourself careful new site preparation cloth to prevent burning to plant! It immediately to its new conditions TLC, a newly transplanted cactus can pose not only a danger to soil! Potting soil formulated for cactus plants can get quite large and require professional assistance minimize. A trench about one to two feet out from the roots with healthy, loose soil and amend needed. For the arid Southwest, transplant in spring or summer, cover plant! Use your markings from before to ensure that it thrives afterward to avoid getting pricked transplant your cactus cactus careful. Helps to prevent burning blemishes or abrasions clay soil, add pumice to assist! In your garden sunny southeast or east window, Certified Urban Agriculturist irrigation. L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist from any pests or pathogens that might hamper growth step altogether for horizontal... Are endless varieties to choose from to spice up your landscaping and cacti... Or place it directly into a new plant most of the plant a... This process % compost the spring, causing the plant but also to yourself hole... As they can decompose and attract disease that may kill your plant twice week. Freely, the first month or so until the plant is established is one of hole. And ‘ below ’ parts of the hole inhibit the growth of new roots and.