A computer that is designed to be used at a desk or table and is not easily moved, in contrast to a laptop or other portable device. print, eject DVD, change volume or brightness etc...) as well as physical objects (e.g. Free Computer icons! Icons as parts of the graphical user interface of the computer system, in conjunction with windows, menus and a pointing device (mouse), belong to the much larger topic of the history of the graphical user interface that has largely supplanted the text-based interface for casual use. Module 10: Integration. Multiple windows can be open and even overlapping on the screen. Definition of icon (Entry 1 of 2) 1 a : a graphic symbol on a computer display screen that represents an app, an object (such as a file), or a function (such as the command to save) As a subset of electronic devices, computer systems and mobile devices use many of the same icons; they are corporated into the design of both the computer hardware and on the software. Secondary icons of system programs are also displayed on the task bar or the system dock. Use the icon. icon. ... An icon is a picture on a computer screen representing a particular computer function. a small picture or symbol on a computer screen that you point to and click on (= press) with a mouse to give the computer an instruction. It includes the basic icons used for a file, file folder, trashcan, inbox, together with the spatial real estate of the screen, i.e. Below are some common desktop icons. The icon needs to be colorful enough to easily pick out on the display screen, and contrast well with any background. the electronic desktop. The main function performed by an icon editor is generation of icons from images. Windows, icons, menus and pointing device (WIMP) denotes a style of computer-human interaction involving the aforementioned elements of the graphical user interface (GUI) which is the most common interaction method being used by desktop computers today. Find out more here. The following is a list of raster graphic applications capable of creating and editing icons: Media related to Software icons at Wikimedia Commons, This article is about the computer graphic. The image below is an example of the Microsoft Windows 7 desktop. I just logged into her account and, sure enough, the gray X's are gone. Definition of icon in the Definitions.net dictionary. Windows, icons, menus and pointing device (WIMP) denotes a style of computer-human interaction involving the aforementioned elements of the graphical user interface (GUI) which is the most common interaction method being used by desktop computers today. Computer Icons - Download 913 Free Computer icons @ IconArchive. Clicking or tapping the icon selects the item. The icon needs to be clear and easily recognizable, able to display on monitors of widely varying size and resolutions. To regulate the use of these brand icons, they are trademark registered and are considered part of the company intellectual property. Small Computer Icons is a collection of high-quality handmade "all-about-computer" icons that will suit any type of application or website. [8][9] In his work, Dr. Smith envisioned a scenario in which "visual entities", called icons, could execute lines of programming code, and save the operation for later re-execution. Beyond text, there are other design elements which can be dependent upon the cultural context for interpretation. On some GUI systems (e.g. My computer Icons - Download 914 Free My computer icons @ IconArchive. The desktop is the primary user interface of a computer. This screen space also invites almost immediate user customization, as the user adds favourite icons to the screen and groups related icons together on the screen. Free HD Desktop icons! The design of all computer icons is constricted by the limitations of the device display. The system icons currently in use have typically gone through widespread international acceptance and understandability testing. To redisplay the window, you merely move the pointer to the icon and click (or double click) a mouse button. The most common subjects include Christ, Mary, saints and angels. If you see a gray X over your Windows Desktop shortcuts, try these tips: Right-click on your Desktop and select Refresh. Flaticon, the largest database of free vector icons. The desktop is the primary user interface of a computer. In this new model, data and tools are no longer stored on the single system, instead they are stored someplace else, "in the cloud". Our recent usability testing has found many icons that enhance a design, but also many icons that cause usability problems and aren’t recognized by most users. Today virtually every major operating system employs icon-based GUIs. For example, the Microsoft MSDN[5] defines the standard icon use of error, warning, information and question mark icons as part of their software development guidelines.[6]. Metonymy is in itself a subset of metaphors that use one entity to point to another related to it such as using a fluorescent bulb instead of a filament one to represent power saving settings. There is one more thing Rosamine wishes to incorporate into her document—a final icon. For individual devices the display size correlates directly to the size of the screen real estate and the resolution of the display. Different organizations are actively involved in standardizing these icons, as well as providing guidelines for their creation and use. The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) has defined "Graphical symbols for use on equipment", published as IEC 417, a document which displays IEC standardized icons. 1) In a computer's graphical user interface ( GUI ), an icon (pronounced EYE-kahn ) is an image that represents an application, a capability, or some other concept or specific entity with meaning for the user. Victor Kaptelinin and Mary Czerwinski (2007). (Desktop Metaphor, pg 2). windows, icons, mouse, and pull-down menus (WIMP): WIMP is an acronym describing the desktop user interface familiar to Windows and Mac computer users, significant features of which are w indows, i cons, a m ouse, and p ull-down menus. in Handa, "Former Apple Designer Kare Testifies at Samsung Patent Trial", "Pygmalion: A Creative Programming Environment", "Lecture 6 Guest Lecture (David Canfield Smith)", "GUIdebook > Articles > "Designing the Star User Interface, "Custom Icons - Icons and Images - iOS - Human Interface Guidelines - Apple Developer", "Icons and Images, Human Interface Guidelines for iOS", Harrison, C., Hsieh, G., Willis, K. D. D., Forlizzi, J. and Hudson, S. E. "Kineticons: Using Iconographic Motion in Graphical User Interface Design. -> APPLY -> OK. then after come back the my computer icon on your desktop. The computing definition of "icon" can include three distinct semiotical elements: An Adobe product icon (or logo or signature) is a design or image that is associated with and identifies a specific Adobe product or service. For instance, the subsystem for locking files can add a "padlock" overlay icon on an icon which represents a file in order to indicate that the file is locked. Desktop definition is - the top surface of a desk; also : an area or window on a computer screen in which icons are arranged in a manner analogous to objects on top of a desk. The width and height of the icon are the same (1:1 aspect ratio) in almost all areas of traditional use. the primary display screen of a graphical user interface, on which various icons represent files, groups of files, programs, or the like, which can be moved, accessed, added to, put away, or thrown away in ways … An icon is a Signifier pointing to a Signified. PCMag.com is a leading authority on technology, delivering Labs-based, independent reviews of the latest products and services. However each of these related graphical devices differs in one way or another from the standard computer icon. Many icon editors can copy a unique icon from a program file for editing. "[11] The desktop and icons displayed in this first desktop model are easily recognizable by users several decades later, and display the main components of the desktop metaphor GUI. The standardization of electronic icons is an important safety-feature on all types of electronics, enabling a user to more easily navigate an unfamiliar system. These control widgets are standardized pictograms used in the graphical interface, they offer an expanded set of user functionalities beyond the hyperlink function of computer icons.[22]. Display This PC (Computer), Recycle Bin, Network, Control Panel icons on Windows 10 desktop Right click on your desktop and then click Personalize from the menu. Got it! When referring to an operating system or GUI (graphical user interface), the desktop is a system of organization of icons on a screen. Icons are very useful in applications that use windows, because with the click of a mouse button you can shrink an entire window into a small icon. This site uses cookies. Icons help users quickly identify the type of file represented by the … [2] In activating an icon, the user can move directly into and out of the identified function without knowing anything further about the location or requirements of the file or code. monitor, compact disk, mouse, printer etc...). They are limited in size, with the standard size about a thumbnail for both desktop computer systems and mobile devices. Zenon W. Pylyshyn and Liam J. Bannon (1989). [computing] Kate clicked on the mail icon on her computer screen. The computing definition of "icon" can include three distinct semiotical elements: Icon, which resembles its referent (such as a road sign for falling rocks). Flaticon, the largest database of free vector icons. Because these company and program logos represent the company and product itself, much attention is given to their design, done frequently by commercial artists. Index, which is associated with its referent (smoke is a sign of fire). Abdullah, Rayan and Huebner, Roger (2006). A text hyperlink performs much the same function as the functional computer icon: it provides a direct link to some function or data available on the system. Levine, Philip and Scollon, Ron, editors (2004). top (dĕsk′tŏp′) n. 1. For example, a blue "e" on your screen most likely repersents the Internet Explorer program. These warning icons, first designed to regulate automobile traffic in the early 1900s, have become standardized and widely understood by users without necessity of further verbal explanations. Symbol, which is related to its referent only by convention (letters, musical notation, mathematical operators etc.). PCMag Digital Group. Easily comprehendible icons will make use of familiar visual metaphors directly connected to the Signified: actions the icon initiate or the content that would be revealed. ), and for web pages. However where the icon provides a single button to initiate some function, the principal function of the window is a workspace, which can be minimized to an icon hyperlink when not in use. Available source files and icon fonts for both personal and commercial use. Instead they are part of the communication language of users across systems. Icons can also be augmented with iconographic motion - geometric manipulations applied to a graphical element over time, for example, a scale, rotation, or other deformation. Computer free vector icons in SVG, PSD, PNG, EPS format or as ICON FONT. When you boot up your computer, the desktop is displayed once the startup process is complete. SMART … to restore this my computer icon. Computers a. Through color it should also provide some visual indicator as to the icon state; activated, available or currently not accessible ("greyed out"). In the context of software applications, an icon often represents a program, a function, data or a collection of data on a computer system. By continuing to browse you are agreeing to our use of cookies and other tracking technologies. The display of third-party trademarks and trade names on this site does not necessarily indicate any affiliation or the endorsement of PCMag. Apple popularized the smartphone interface and prudently set an example of icons and text used together. This category includes stylized drawing used to refer to an actions "printer" and "print", "scissors" and "cut" or "magnifying glass" and "search". Secondly, they offer all their icons in the .svg, .eps, .psd and .png formats. Definition of 'icon' Word Frequency. Research has shown iconographic motion can act as a powerful and reliable visual cue, a critical property for icons to embody.[19]. Uninstall any backup applications that are not longer used. The smiley, and by extension other emoticons, are used in computer text to convey information in a non-verbal binary shorthand, frequently involving the emotional context of the message. Icon design is the process of designing a graphic symbol that represents some real, fantasy or abstract motive, entity or action. For example, if you were to double-click My Computer icon, it would open Windows Explorer. An image; a representation. Search more than 600,000 icons for Web & Desktop here. Clicking on an icon will start the associated program or open the associated file, directory, or … 1. right click on desktop -> go to properties -> then click on desktop -> in bottom of the screen there is customize desktop button click on this -> select my computer tab (mark on this). "[7] It is only at the beginning of the 21st century that personal computing is evolving a new metaphor based on Internet connectivity and teams of users, cloud computing. a file) a certain additional subsystem can add a smaller secondary icon, laid over the primary icon and usually positioned in one of its corners, to indicate the status of the object which is represented with the primary icon. They are frequently scalable, as they are displayed in different positions in the software, a single icon file such as the Apple Icon Image format can include multiple versions of the same icon optimized to work at a different size, in colour or grayscale as well as on dark and bright backgrounds. the file folder and filing cabinet) in the 1960s, and finally the desktop metaphor itself (including the trashcan) in the 1970s.[7]. In addition to scaling, it may be necessary to remove visual details or simplify the subject between discrete sizes. Search more than 600,000 icons for Web & Desktop here. Get free icons of Computer in iOS, Material, Windows and other design styles for web, mobile, and graphic design projects. Icons with an arrow are known as shortcuts or links to programs, files or folders. They function in the same way as the hyperlink icons described above, representing functionality accessible on the system and providing links to either a software program or data file. Computer desktop synonyms, Computer desktop pronunciation, Computer desktop translation, English dictionary definition of Computer desktop. The detailing of the icon image needs to be simple, remaining recognizable in varying graphical resolutions and screen sizes. [2] Many of these icons are available on the Internet, either to purchase or as freeware to incorporate into new software. Icons are very useful in applications that use windows, because with the click of a mouse button you can shrink an entire window into a small icon. Search more than 600,000 icons for Web & Desktop here. The graphical windows on the computer screen share some of the visual and functional characteristics of the computer icon. [13] to create a sense of consistency in the UI. "Factors affecting the design of computer icons". Only a few can assign an icon to a program file, a much more difficult task. n. Computer icon - World\'s best selection of high quality Free Computer icons. Hyperlinks differ from the functional computer icons in that they are normally embedded in text, whereas icons are displayed as stand-alone on the screen real estate. "The icons on [the desktop] are visible concrete embodiments of the corresponding physical objects. Download now more than 133,902 icons of computer in SVG, PSD, PNG, EPS format or as webfonts. With the increasing ability to customize the desktop, it is important for the icon itself to display in a standard color which cannot be modified, retaining its characteristic appearance for immediate recognition by the user. In closed systems such as iOS and Android, the use of icons is to a degree regulated or guided Now they are commonly bundled in widget toolkits and distributed as part of a development package. They are not simply artworks; "an icon is a sacred image used in religious devotion". (1) See Icon language. In adding an emotional overlay to the text, they have also enabled electronic messages to substitute for and frequently supplant voice-to-voice messaging. Also called desktop computer. In its primary function as a symbolic image, the icon design should ideally be divorced from any single language. The user can activate an icon using a mouse, pointer, finger, or recently voice commands. When you boot up your computer, the desktop is displayed once the startup process is complete. Search more than 600,000 icons for Web & Desktop here. Our expert industry analysis and practical solutions help you make better buying decisions and get more from technology. You can use them as icons on your desktop, on your websites or as graphics in your presentations, for a greater visual impact. Using a new icon is simply a matter of moving the image into the correct file folder and using the system tools to select the icon. A further type of computer icon is more related to the brand identity of the software programs available on the computer system. 2000. Above all, the icon itself must remain clearly identifiable on the display screen regardless of its position and size. An icon editor resamples a source image to the resolution and color depth required for an icon. The majority of icons are encoded and decoded using metonymy, synecdoche, and metaphor. Synecdoche is considered as a special case of metonymy, in the usual sense of the part standing for the whole such as a single component for the entire system, speaker driver for the entire audio system settings. "Pictures, Symbols and Signs", pg 144 ff. [4], System warning icons also belong to the broader area of ISO standard warning signs. These brand icons are bundled with their product and installed on a system with the software. To browse the available stock icons, install the development packages for GTK version 2.x and run gtk-demo. Other graphical devices used in the computer user interface fulfill GUI functions on the system similar to the computer icons described above. Search for: Icons in Word. Developers also use icon editors to make icons for specific program files. This means that you have to convert them to the .ico format if you want to use them as icons for the files and folders on your Windows device. This definition explains the meaning of desktop computer and how it works, including the important features it consists of and the history of the technology. What does icon mean? The standard icon is generally the size of an adult thumb, enabling both easy visual recognition and use in a touchscreen device. [3] In the software, they provide a link into the customizable settings. Download 15 vector icons and icon kits.Available in PNG, ICO or ICNS icons for Mac for free use Programs might display their icon not only as a desktop hyperlink, but also in the program title bar, on the Start menu, in the Microsoft tray or the Apple dock. These icons were first developed for computers in the 1980s as a response to the limited storage and transmission bandwidth used in electronic messaging. Shih-Miao Huang, Kong-King Shieh, Chai-Fen Chi (2002). (noun) In a graphical user interface, a picture on the screen that represents a specific file, directory, window, or program. They are also displayed in text, either as the link itself or a friendly name, whereas icons are defined as being primarily non-textual. Any system function or computer software instead they are trademark registered and are considered part of the features! Deal with on a computer screen representing a particular computer function overlay to the program or data area of display. 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