5. Gain fundamental knowledge of plant growth and development of horticultural crops from a micro- to macro- level starting at double fertilization through fruit growth – covering seed-to-seed. Nutritional factors such as the supply of carbohydrates, proteins, fats and others constitute the raw materials required for growth… Horticultural and Pastoral Societies. Horticultural crops worth many billions of dollars are seriously damaged or destroyed annually by pests, drought, floods, wind storms, and freezes. Pathogen growth … Producing annual crops of high-quality fruit requires a balance between reproductive and vegetative growth. The varieties of crops are available in the Horticulture section with wide range of uses. Physical Damage Affects ; Respiration, ethylene production, ripening, and other ; metabolic processes. The last section specifically examines how environmental factors affect growth and development… Mild stresses such as shoot bending and water stress may also promote flower-bud development. Horticultural plants improve environment by reducing pollution, conserves soil and water and improve socio-economic status of the farmer. Growth of crops, plants or plant parts is defined as the irreversible increase in size whereas development is the continuous change in plant form and function with characteristic transition phases. Causes the greatest amount of loss to fresh horticultural products. • During the process of development, a complex body organisation is formed that produces roots, leaves, … Plant’s growth and development are under the control of two sets of internal factors. Fruit producers use various techniques, including pruning, branch bending, and plant growth-regulator sprays, to manipulate tree growth … Horticulture crops are suitable for small and marginal farmers. development. 32 Physical Damage. Olericulture includes the planting, … • Development is the sum of two processes: growth and differentiation. Scope of Horticultural crops … Use Of Growth Regulators In Horticultural Crops PPT Presentation Summary : Next End Plant hormone It has been defined as organic substance produced naturally in the higher plants, controlling growth or … Improving on-farm crop diversity through horticulture increases the likelihood that a family will diversify their diet Nutrient-dense foods, such as fruits and vegetables, are necessary for optimal mental and physical growth throughout development … Horticultural and pastoral societies both developed about 10,000–12,000 years ago. 6. 4. 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