Literature. — The name is derived from the Hebrew אֶבְיוֹן, poor. Neither are named in Mark or Matthew chapters 1-2, while both are named eight times each in Luke chapters 1-2, and Zacharias is named in Lk 3:2 (above). It first occurs in Irenaeus, Adv. Harper & Brothers. The party which the Epistle to the Hebrews had in view must have over-estimated the law of the O.T. But, unlike them, he holds that we find within the canon a great departure from, and advance upon, this humanitarian doctrine of Christ's person. They form the stepping-stone to Gnosticism. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Other writers Against Heresies — Irenæus. The term "the poor" was at first a common designation for all Christians - a reference to their material as well their voluntary poverty. It is true that Jesus was "christ," but so also would all be who fulfilled the Law. The Ebionite movement may have arisen about the time of the destruction of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem (ad 70). regarding holy times, places, acts, and persons alike, and have been wanting in the Christian knowledge which knows how to secure to the O.T. The sense of his Messianic calling first arose in him at his baptism by John, when a higher spirit joined itself to him. How to say Ebionites in English? • Two varieties: the earlier group called Ebionites denied the divinity of Christ; the later Ebionites were a Gnostic sect who believed that matter was eternal and was God s body Catholic Encyclopedia. The word Ebionites, or rather, more correctly, Ebionaeans, Ebionaioi, is a transliteration of the Aramean ABYONYA, meaning “poor men”. The Name. Generally, the movement came to have a very negative view of Paul as an “apostate from the Torah,” though it is possible that in the 2nd and 3rd centuries there were branches of the Nazarenes who were more tolerant of Paul as the “apostle to the Gentiles,” but who as Jews, nonetheless, insisted on Torah observance. Ebionites of today that I have encountered chop the New testament off at Act 2. On the other side, see N. Amer. Circumcision and the observance of the whole ritual law of Moses are necessary to salvation for all men. Origen (c. A far abler advocate of the Socinian view is Baur, in his Christenthum d. drei erstess Jahrhunderte; Lehre v.d. Corrections? He professes to discover in the New Testament the consecutive stages of a progress which, beginning with the Unitarian creed terminates in the doctrine of Christ's proper divinity. Ebionites From International Standard Bible Encyclopedia EBIONITES - A Jewish-Christian heretical sect flourishing in the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th cents A.D. 1. https://www.britannica.com/topic/Ebionites. Most of the features of Ebionite doctrine were anticipated in the teachings of the earlier Qumrān sect, as revealed in the Dead Sea Scrolls. Entry for 'Ebionites'. Apocrypha: Gospel of the Ebionites The Gospel of the Ebionites is known only by the quotations from Epiphanius in these passages of his Panarion: 30.13.1-8, 30.14.5, 30.16.4-5, and 30.22.4. ). its abiding significancy, which it has as a divine institute without imperiling the newness and conclusive completeness of Christianity." Paulinism of the Early Church. EBIONITES is the name given to a Jewish Christian sect that flourished during the early history of the Christian church. Hence Origen compared this sect to the blind man in the Gospel who called to the Lord without seeing him, 'Thou son of David, have mercy on me!'. [2] They regarded Jesus as the Messiah but not as divine.The Ebionites revered his brother James as the head of the Jerusalem Church and rejected Paul of Tarsus because he was an apostate towards the Law [citation needed]. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/e/ebionites.html. October 1864, art. Updates? 29:1), and came later to designate Jewish Christians (Origen, cont. Their doctrine may be reduced to the following propositions: (a.) , 5 translations, 2 sentences and more for Ebionites many ways Eisenman! Bampton Lectures ( Oxford, 1829 ), and 4th cents A.D appears in the other of. ( Leipsig, 1820 ) ; Mosheim, Comnmentaries, 1:220, 400 ; Neander, church Hist far... Early Fathers Sadducees, Zealots and Essenes more early Christian HERESY referred by. ( Oxford: Clarendon Press 1924 ), notes 73-84 from Montague James. Obeyed the Jewish Law Fisher, 1. c., for a criticism of view. Considered him a native heathen, who gave no explanation of the Common.. 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