0000002502 00000 n UPDATE. In Kasargod, a sleepy, scenic, but sweltering hot district of northern Kerala, rumours emerged that the aerial spraying of endosulfan on cashew plantations was causing abnormal cases of cancer, skin disease, congenital deformities, sterility and other illnesses. 113 18 This district is famous for its cashew plantation. In 2011, SC banned the production, distribution & use of endosulfan in India. endosulfan kerala story pdf Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out .. The nodal medical officer of Kasargod district, who played a key role in Kerala’s campaign against the pesticide endosulfan, refuses to answer. ENDOSULFAN KERALA STORY PDF - Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out .. They are demanding an immediate intervention to ensure a complete stoppage of pesticide usage and advocate for the organic farming [3] [4]. 0000026913 00000 n Down To Earth takes a look at one of the worst and longest-running pesticide poisoning episodes in India and how it culminated with the Supreme Court. ... and health issues due to its bioaccumulation came under media attention when health issues precipitated in the Kasargod District of Kerala were publicised. <]>> %%EOF People residing in the villages near or within the plantation have felt that they are affected by different kinds of illnesses. startxref The health effects of the chemical include neurotoxicity, late sexual maturity, physical deformities, poisoning, among others. ENDOSULFAN MALAYALAM PDF. Endosulfan was sprayed in Kerala, on two days each year on cashew plantations from a helicopter. Toxicity of endosulfan is now subject of concern globally. Print To protect this crop since the mid 1970s, the pesticide endosulfan has been widely used and aerially sprayed on cashew nut plantation covering several villages in the district [1]. These kinds of illness may not be due to Endosulphan alone [2]. A study by Centre for Science and Environment in 2001 in the area after the spraying was stopped also found the presence of endosulfan in humans, water bodies and soil. Endosulfan Poisoning in Kasargod, Kerala, India 1 Report of a Fact Finding Misssion Over the past 2 ‰ decades, the pesticide endosulfan has been aerially sprayed on a cashew nut plantation covering several villages in Kasargod District, Kerala State, India. More than 3000 people living near, downstream and… May 2, 2020 admin. INSIDE STORY: How endosulfan poisoned Kasargod – News. This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in Kerala as early as , following a report by the National Institute of Occupational Health. Researchers studying children from many villages in Kasargod District, Kerala, India, have linked endosulfan exposure to delays in sexual maturity among boys. x�b```f``������q�����bl@�q��Sۙ���pCƇ�}�]ؾpn����q���}�@�{|4�t9��Yp��mv���B�l岛m���>g�ܖ�e! In another claim children are being born even now with genetic defects [4]. endosulfan spraying. Plantation Corporation of Kerala, a state government enterprise has cultivated cashew plant in the vast areas of this district. The Rain of Poison Once up on a time in the villages of %PDF-1.5 %���� 1550/20/10/HFW, dated: 09.04.2010 (Annexure I). This one is a Traditional water source, Suranga Land, People, Tradition, Culture. Kasargod District is located in the southern part of India in Kerala State. Archived from the original PDF on 27 March There are reports that India has softened its stand on Endosulfan at the Stockholm Convention but with conditions. Bythe issue became big enough for the Kerala government to ban endosulfan. On  31, said that the Kerala government was ignoring the sufferings of mothers and, children. endosulfan has been banned since 2004, and yet, the Pollution Control Board (PCB) of Kerala during its monitoring (2008-10) revealed endosulfan residues in the water resources, including in the Shiriya river in Kasargod district. Environment (KSCSTE) for monitoring endosulfan persistence in soil, water and blood samples in the selected areas of Kasaragod District and its impacts on human health and environment vide G.O. The controversy for using the ‘endosulfan’ started emerging since the 1990s [2]. About 500 persons have lost their lives over the past decade owing to various diseases triggered by the large-scale use of pesticides in the district [4]. ENDOSULFAN KERALA STORY PDF - Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out .. It is famous for Cashew Plantation with high yielding varieties and are being scientifically managed [5]. Environmental justice organizations (and other supporters) and their websites, if available: Anti-Endosulfan Committee, Democratic Youth Federation of India (Kerala wing), Endosulfan Apamaana Vimochana Samiti, Endosulfan-affected Peoples' Front, Pesticide Action Network, Thanal campaigning, Endosulfan Peeditha Janakeeya Munnani, HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...), Mobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt. 0000001327 00000 n Endosulfan is a derivative of hexachlorocyclopentadiene, and is chemically similar to aldrin, chlordane, and heptachlor. The formulation that was sprayed contained about 0.05-0.1 per cent of endosulfan [2]. Biological Diversity Act, 2002http://nbaindia.org/content/25/19/1/act.html, The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974http://www.moef.nic.in/legis/water/wat1.html, Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutantshttp://chm.pops.int/default.aspx, The air (prevention and control of pollution) act, 1981http://envfor.nic.in/legis/air/air1.html, The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986http://envfor.nic.in/legis/env/env1.html, Down to Earth Report 2http://endosulphanvictims.org/resources/DTE_Report2.pdf, Endosulfan Poisoning and the Struggle of the community in Kasaragod to regain life and the living landhttp://thanal.co.in/uploads/resource/document/Endosulphan-posoning-kazargod-kerala-69462114.pdf, Down to Earth Reporthttp://endosulphanvictims.org/resources/DTE_Report1.pdf, REPORT ON MONITORING OF ENDOSULFAN RESIDUES IN THE 11 PANCHAYATHS OF KASARAGOD DISTRICT, KERALAhttp://www.cseindia.org/userfiles/endo_report1.pdf, A critique of the epidemiological studies on health in allegedly endosulfan-affected areas in Kasaragod, Keralahttp://www.currentscience.ac.in/Volumes/104/01/0016.pdf, Sunita Narain, Conflict of Interest. Endosulfan was aerially sprayed for many years in the cashew planta-tions of Kasargod district, though it has now been discon-tinued. As time passed, local activist groups convinced that the illness was being caused by ‘endosulfan’ - a very old off-patent pesticide of the organochlorine class [2]. This was when the victims of indiscriminate spraying of the pesticide, Endosulfan in Kasaragod district staged an agitation in January 2018, demanding, that the State government implement the Supreme Court order issued in January, 2017 to disburse ₹5 lakh (less than 10,000 USD) as compensation to  victims on the “official list” within three. After the toxicity of the pesticide came into limelight in 2001 in Kasargod District, Kerala banned it. The endosulfan controversy first began in the late 1990s. Villagers also observed that unique kinds of illness have started emerging among human and animals which was never seen before. Please zoom in or out and select the base layer according to your preference to make the map ready for printing, then press the On the basis of this in-vestigation, in November 2010 the PCB banned endosulfan throughout the state. India’s Endosulfan Disaster – A review of the Health impacts and status of remediation October 2009 3 The aerial spraying of endosulfan over the cashew plantations in Kasaragod district in Kerala, India was started in 1978. The World Health Organizationestim… Plantation Corporation of Kerala, a state government enterprise has cultivated cashew plant in the vast areas of this district. Environmentalists as well as the various groups formed Anti-Endosulfan Committee to form a pressure group to ban Endosulphan. Stories from Kasargod , fighting endosulfan to regain life and living land There are thousands of water sources in our village. 0000021569 00000 n Kasaragod([kɑːsɾɡoːɖ] and anglicised to Kassergode is one of the 14 districts in the southern Indian state of Kerala.It is the northernmost district of Kerala and is included in the North Malabar region. 2017, [5]The Plantation Corporation of Kerala Ltdhttp://pcklimited.in/plantation.htm, [2] Kerala’s Endosulfan Tragedyhttp://www.openthemagazine.com/article/nation/kerala-s-endosulfan-tragedy, [3] Anti-endosulfan stir enters a new phasehttp://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2013-12-19/news/45377566_1_endosulfan-victims-kasaragod-women-victims, [4] Kerala endosulfan victims allege 'state terrorism'http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2010-11-23/news/27615723_1_kasaragod-district-cashew-plantations-plantation-corporation, Government of INDIA recommended use of Endosulfan and available alternativeshttp://www.endosulfan.in/wp-content/docs/Endosulfan%20alternatives%201-1.0.pdf, Popular Articles About Endosulfanhttp://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/keyword/endosulfan, [1] Story of Kasaragodhttp://www.endosulfan.in/#storyofkasaragod, The Hindu, Endosulfan victims in the warpath, 31 Jan 2018. http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/endosulfan-victims-on-the-warpath/article22598311.ece, Endosulfan victim in Kasargodhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ad0gY4L5jOg, Ban endosulfan sdpi kasaragod rallyhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GJbIUnwjSVo, Use of Endosulphan in Kasaragod distric, Kerala, India, Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture, Fisheries and Livestock Management). For 20 years, this pesticide—endosulfan—was aerially sprayed on thousands of hectares of hilly cashew plantations in Kasargod. 0000003120 00000 n 0000005232 00000 n trailer Do you consider this an environmental justice success? This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in Kerala as early as , following a report by the National Institute of Occupational Health. Technical endosulfan is a 7:3 mixture of stereoisomers, designated α and β. α- and β-Endosulfan are configurational isomers arising from the pyramidal stereochemistry of the teravalent sulfur. Ban on Endosulfan. ?��V>�'. 0000000656 00000 n Posted on August 22, 2019 by admin. 0000001162 00000 n 0000005386 00000 n Endosulfan is a mixture of two isomers alpha-endosulfan and beta endosulfan mixed in the ratio 70:30 respectively. 0000014620 00000 n 0000021838 00000 n endosulfan kerala story pdf Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out .. ENDOSULFAN KERALA STORY PDF - Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out .. This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in : A global ban on endosulfan was imposed in Stockholm Convention in Geneva is mainly promoted by the incidences in Karsagod. The report was released in two parts on January and July, The study pointed out that use of same pesticide for 20 years was against the recommended practice of rotating pesticides. The Government of Kerala was therefore forced to impose a ban on the use of endosulfan in 2004. This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in ... British photographer Beatriz Lopez and Peter Caton visit Kasargod district in north Kerala, whose residents have been plagued by the spraying. CONCLUSION Endosulfan,a hard to degrade pesticide,has caused heavy damages to biotic and abiotic factors of Kasargod The fact has been endorsed byvarious pollution control boards and environmental protection agencies That is the main reason why it is banned or yellow- marked in many countries. Rumors have started that the aerial spraying of endosulfan on cashew plantations is main cause of abnormal cases of many alignments for example; cancer, skin disease, congenital deformities, sterility and other illnesses [1]. Consequently, the Government of India banned the sale and use of endosulfan in Kerala from 2005 onwards. The pesticide endosulfan was sprayed aerially for around 25 years in cashew plantations situated in Kasargod and caused severe diseases and extensive malformations among people living in the region. Endosulfan pesticide was used widely on crops like cashew, cotton, tea, paddy, fruits and others until 2011, when the Supreme Court banned its production and distribution. 115 0 obj<>stream button above. This district is famous for its cashew plantation. From the mid 1970s, the pesticide endosulfan has been aerially sprayed on a cashew nut plantation covering several villages in Kasargod District, Kerala State, India. ENDOSULFAN MALAYALAM PDF. In a controlled environment ,losses from the grass and However, the activists estimated that the death perhaps is much more. This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in Kerala as early as , following a report by the National Institute of Occupational Health. endosulfan isomers of 35 to 37 days at ph 7.0 and 150 to 187 days at ph 5.5.bio degradation may be an important fate process with a half- life of 11 weeks for endosulfan sulphate incubated with mixed cultures from a sandy loam soil. The estate is spread over 2190 Ha. The side-effects of pesticide spray in cashew plantations are not restricted only in that district rather it was spread into the neighboring districts Karnataka, adjacent to Kasaragod [4]. Its residues spread far and wide via wind and rain, leaving a trail of destruction in the district and neighbouring regions of Karnataka, killing more than 1,00… Because of its persistence in the environ-ment for a long time and its toxicity, endosulfan contami-nation in the environment is of great concern. Endosulfan is known to be an endocrine disruptor and a genotoxin20. People living in more than 20 gram panchayats in Kasargod district were exposed to the insecticide endosulfan – a highly potent neurotoxin – between 1975 and 2000, when the public sector Plantation Corporation of Kerala sprayed the chemical aerially on its 12,000-acre cashew estates. 0000000016 00000 n xref There is an update to this case (while the origins of, the case are reported in full in Sunita Narain’s book of 2017). The spraying of endsosulfan in the cashew plantations of State-owned Plantation Corporation of Kerala caused a disaster on the biodiversity of the area, a … British photographer Beatriz Lopez and Peter Caton visit Kasargod district in north Kerala, whose residents have been plagued by the spraying. My Journey through India’s Green Movement, Viking, Gurgaon. The tragedy of people exposed to pesticide Endosulfan in Kasaragod district of Kerala is continuing. Anti-endosulfan activists protest to compensate the victims and also a total ban on the pesticide. People residing in the villages within the plantation have been afflicted with different The matter is highly controversial one and according to some reports what really happened in Kasargod is not very clear. India was one of the biggest producers & consumers of endosulfan. 0000001447 00000 n It is used in crops like cereals, coffee, cotton, fruit, oil seeds, potato,tea and vegetables. This was welcome relief for the people of Kasargod. The estate has 113 workers, 18 staff and 6 officer as employees. 0000004177 00000 n 0000001059 00000 n Endosulfan is considered as Persistent organic Pollutant (PoP) in ‘Stockholm Convention’ held in Geneva on 29th April, 2011. According to an estimate by Anti-Endosulfan Committee about 8,000-9,000 persons in Kasaragod district are affected due to the spraying of endosulfan in the cashew plantations. Kasargod District is located in the southern part of India in Kerala State. The government estimates 710 people had died due to ill effects of aerial spraying of Endosulfan in cashew plantations in 4,696 hectares in the northern district from 1976 to 2000. endosulfan kerala story pdf Endosulfan is an off-patent organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is being phased out .. In this paper the endosulfan disaster of Kasargod is approached through the green criminological perspective of environmental harms. This inspired protests, and the pesticide was banned in. Despite government promises, official efforts to … (MS) No. Endosulfan is a globally used as an organo chlorine pesticide . 0000014941 00000 n 0000005296 00000 n Endosulfan was the only pesticide applied to cashew plantations in the villages for 20 years, and had contaminated the village environment. Was environmental justice served? CONTINUING DISASTER OF ENDOSULFAN IN KASARGOD AND KANNUR DISTRICTS OF KERALA Abstract Between 1976 and 2000, more than 50,000 villagers of Kasargod district in Kerala, India have been exposed to endosulfan, a persistent organic pesticide, sprayed on the cashew plantations owned by the Plantation Corporation of Kerala. Specifically, it is produced by the Diels-Alder reaction of hexachlorocyclopentadiene with cis-butene-1,4-diol and subsequent reaction of the adduct with thionyl chloride. Some studies tried to correlate the occurrence of illness due to the endosulphan poisoning and other claim that the disease occurrence is normal and cannot be correlated with the spraying as endosulphan decay fast in warm Indian climate. They organized protest demonstration, strikes, and other means to lodge their demands for an end to the spraying of endosulfan in Kasaragod district. 113 0 obj<> endobj Environmental groups such as Pesticide Action Network and Thanal has campaigned globally with horror-inducing pictures of the endosulphan effect on the human lives and environment [2], Juridical relevant texts related to the conflict (laws, legislations, EIAs, etc), References to published books, academic articles, movies or published documentaries, Links to general newspaper articles, blogs or other websites, Related media links to videos, campaigns, social network. 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