The war was part of the breakup of the Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia. Expressing a new optimism that the crisis in Bosnia-Herzegovina is easing, President Bush said Saturday that there can be no military quick fix for the complex conflict. The Bosnian genocide refers to either the Srebrenica massacre or the wider crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing throughout areas controlled by the Army of Republika Srpska (VRS) during the Bosnian War of 1992–1995. Mr Silajdzic was a leader of the Bosniaks in the 1992-1995 war. The U.S. under its new President, Bill Clinton, who had promised during his election campaign in 1992 to stop the ethnic cleansing in Bosnia, now issued an ultimatum through the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) demanding that the Serbs withdraw their artillery from Sarajevo. The war ended on 14 December 1995. An estimated 10,000 people were killed and hundreds of Croatian towns were destroyed before a U.N. cease-fire was established in January 1992. It also spurred the genocide of at least 80 percent Bosnian Muslims, also called Bosniaks. He hopes, in turn, to persuade Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic to withdraw the case Bosnia lodged against Yugoslavia at the international war crimes tribunal in The Hague, Netherlands. The Bosnian Serbs yearned for Bosnia to be a part of a Greater Serbia. In the scramble to obtain Bosnian territory, the careful balance of power collapsed. War crimes suspect Radovan Karadzic, who was arrested in Serbia on Monday, started out as defender of the Serbs in the 1992-95 Bosnian war but ended up a fugitive wanted on genocide charges. Bosnian Croats and Muslims feared that Serbian president Slobodan Milošević, the leader of the Socialist Party of Serbia, would take their land, so they called for the independence of Herzeg-Bosnia. The Bosnian War (Serbo-Croatian: Rat u Bosni i Hercegovini / Рат у Босни и Херцеговини) was an international armed conflict that took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1992 and 1995. The Serbs quickly complied and a NATO-imposed cease-fire in Sarajevo was declared. The Bosnian Genocide shocked the world. Bosnia and Herzegovina became embroiled in the Bosnian War in 1992. In 2001, former-President Miloševic was captured, but he died in his cell in 2006. Radovan Karadžic, the supreme commander of the Bosnian Serb armed forces, was captured in 2008, and is being tried in The Hague on genocide charges. Following are excerpts from a statement issued today by President Bush on steps to ease the violence in Bosnia and Herzegovina and elsewhere in the former Yugoslav federation: The war led to the deaths of around 100,000 people. The war is commonly seen as having started on 6 April 1992, following a number of violent incidents earlier in the year. b ^ Between 1994 and 1995, the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was supported and represented by both Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats. Ratko Mladic, chief of staff of the Bosnian Serb Army, was captured in May 2011 and is charged with 11 counts, including genocide and crimes against humanity. Bosnia and Herzegovina's declaration of sovereignty in October 1991 was followed by a declaration of independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP) - A car carrying U.N. envoy Marrack Goulding and Bosnian President Alija Izetbegovic was hit by sniper fire in the capital Wednesday following a night of fighting that marred a fragile truce. Yet, Mr Iljazovic — just two weeks old when the Dayton Peace Agreement that ended the 1992-95 Bosnian war was signed in December 1995 — fears for his country. Bosnian President Haris Silajdzic says the arrest of Bosnian Serb wartime leader Radovan Karadzic obscures a more important issue - that his "ethnic cleansing" project is still "thriving". Despite European blessing for the move in a 1992 … The latter says that as a senator, Biden worked for US intervention in Bosnia and Herzegovina during the 1992-95 war “to stop [Serbian leader] Slobodan Milosevic’s brutal … 1992 - Croat and Muslim nationalists form tactical alliance and outvote Serbs at independence referendum. War breaks out and Serbs quickly assume control of over half the republic. They blocked the major access roads, cutting supplies of food and medicine, and also cut off the city's utilities (e.g., water, electricity and heating). It was recognized by the U.S. and the European Community on April 7, 1992. Former Bosnian president Ejup Ganic fears for his life if extradited to Serbian prison A former president of Bosnia, Ejup Ganic, says he fears being murdered in … No one was reported injured in the incident. Bosnia has accused Yugoslavia of complicity in genocide. Talking to BBC television's Hardtalk programme, he criticised the Dayton peace deal which ended the 1990s war in Bosnia-Hercegovina. In order to match communist Yugoslavia, the social, economic, and political … (President of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Haris Silajdži ... a ^ From 1992 to 1994, the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was not supported by the majority of Bosnian Croats and Serbs. In a March 1992 referendum, Bosnian voters chose independence, and President Alija Izetbegovic declared the nation an independent state. The Siege of Sarajevo was the siege of the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the longest of a capital city in the history of modern warfare. A former president of Bosnia has been arrested in Britain after being accused of involvement in the slaughter of wounded soldiers at the start of the Bosnian War. Bosnia and Herzegovina declared its independence on March 3, 1992. Under leader Radovan Karadzic, they threatened bloodshed if Bosnia's Muslims and Croats - who outnumbered Serbs - broke away. When Cyrus Vance travelled to Sarajevo on 2 January 1992, the Bosnian president requested the "preventive deployment" of 2-3,000 UN peacekeepers to act as a deterrent to war. In April 1992, the Bosnian government under President Alija Izetbegovi ... On 2 May 1992, Bosnian Serb forces established a total blockade of the city. The Bosniak and Croat members are elected from a joint constituency in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, whilst the Serb member is elected from voters in Republika Srpska.. Between 1992 and 1995, the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina claimed more than 100,000 lives and made around two million people homeless. A census taken at this time recorded a population of 4 million, with 44 percent Bosniaks (Bosnian Muslims), 31 percent Serbs (Bosnian Orthodox Christians), 17 percent Croats (Bosnian Catholics) and 8 percent Yugoslavian. Bosnia and Herzegovina declared its independence from the former Yugoslavia in the spring of 1992. Mostar is split between Muslim Bosniaks and Catholic Croats, who fought fiercely for control over the city during the country's 1992-95 war. Consequently, it represented mainly the Bosnian Muslims. The response of Boutros Boutros-Ghali, the UN Secretary-General, was equivocal. The Bosnian War was an international war that took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1992 and 1995. According to the Article V of the Constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Presidency comprises three members: one Bosniak, one Serb, and one Croat. Bosnia and Herzegovina had merged with other states to form the Socialists Republic of Yugoslavia. Here are the 11 charges contained in a 69-page indictment at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia: Genocide Between March 31 and December 1992, Karadzic allegedly with others "planned, instigated, ordered and/or aided and abetted genocide" of Bosnian Muslim and Bosnian Croats to permanently remove them from territory claimed by the Bosnian Serbs across … When the request was repeated by Bosnian foreign minister Silajdzic in Geneva in April, the Secretary-General was more explicit, … The consequences of the war were widespread and continue to have implications to this day, especially as the Balkan region is drawn into the migrant exodus in Europe. War crimes suspect Radovan Karadzic, who was arrested in Serbia on Monday, started out as defender of the Serbs in the 1992-95 Bosnian war but ended up a … Lead-Up to the Bosnian War . 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